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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1000
Terry Conlin

FUR TRADEInnisthpreconfederation 17 centuryfur trade made up staple economy beavers were found mainly in the northern part of canadathe Indigenous and British engaged in trade system to benefit both partiesnatives traded furs and beaverbritish traded European goods such as tools and gunsmost trade was facilitated by indigenous technology like the canoeth17 century halfbreed descendants secured native technological advantage and European industrial viewthe trade relations between the natives and the Europeans were exploitative to both the Indians and the environmentEuropean trade treated the environment as a stapleIndigenous culture experienced major shift forced to adopt modernity and commercialize their skills around the new fur industry Were subject to the influence of Indian culture had insatiable apetite for EuropeangoodsthFueled the erection of the largest trade company in the 17 century the Hudsons Bay Companythe staple economy was detrimental for the environmentth by overhunting the animals for furs especially beavers the beaver during the 17century has nearly disappeared from Canada completelycontrastly good things such as accessibility transportation and communal knowledge were shared between Europeans and natives to create the staple economy in Canadathis helped the economy to establish new staplesthe natives and their culture were fundamental to the growth of Canadian institutionsbut exploited the indigenous and their environmentthe fur trade gave the misconception that it contributed to the growth of the inuit however it only served to benefit the economies of France and England and the monopoly of the Hudsons Bay Companywas governed by a Eurocentric ideology that the natives were primitive and lazy and needed to be civilized by Europeans and their methods of business and tradehelped develop an insatiable demand from the Indians and established industrialization in England
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