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Reproductive Rights Part I.doc

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Social Science
SOSC 1350
Julie Dowsett

REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS (PART 1) The only portion of the British Empire which has officially adopted permissive eugenical sterilization of the insane and feeble-minded is the Province of Alberta… Alberta prefers to lead the followers rather than to follow the leaders. To forestall any would-be wits, permit me to say that 70% of Alberta’s insane are not natives of this, the newest province in Confederation, but come from countries outside of Canada…. Alberta’s accomplishment is only a beginning… [The Sexual Sterilization Act of Alberta] attempt[s] at salving the human wreckage which has been dumped from foreign lands. —Emily Murphy (1932) 1. The Scope and Nature of Reproductive Rights a. legal rights and freedoms relating to both reproduction and reproductive health - reproductive right is abortion - Its more than abortion - The reproductive rights are the legal rights and freedoms relating to both reproduction and reproductive health - Are associated with women - Rests on the recognition that both sexes to decide the spacing and timing of when to have children - ^ the information of birth control and to have birth control is part of reproductive rights - reproductive health is the sexual and the health (include rights of everyone concerning reproduction and free from discrimination and violence) - Since some people bomb and kill doctors who are aborting therefore not performing “reproductive rights” b. historically included contraception, sterilization, abortion and health care - right to legal to right and safe abortion, to have your fetus to removed against your will, right to qualitity health care, right to education and access c. today the range of issues related to reproductive rights has expanded greatly - think about other issues like genetic testing (like if it’s a boy or girl) - Selective abortion (if it’s a girl or has a physical disability) - invetro infertalization, and if it belonged to a lesbian couple is the reproductive rights considered issues for today 2. Reproductive Rights and the Eugenics Movement a. social Darwinism applied “survival of the fittest” to human social life - idea that some people are better than others (due to racial characteristics) - Social Darwinism, it applies Darwinism ideas (survival of the fittest) are applied in social community (therefore decided who is seen as “fit” in society) b. term “eugenics” coined by Francis Galton (1883) to refer to “good breeding” - Herbert Spencer, believed a hierarchy of people, simply better than other people - White European men are seen as the highest form of people - Good breeding since they can multiply the “fit” people c. claimed to be “scientific” - were “ scientists” therefore “ scientific” work d. underpinned by the idea that “likes beget likes” - idea that people look like they’re resemblance (your daughter has your nose etc) - Relate to genetic to one certain disease to another - It meant (not physical characteristics) suggested that prostitute (beget) therefore your child will be a prostitute, and if your poor, your children will be poor (your poor because its in the genes, therefore, its passed down) - People with disabilities, women with disabilities were seen with a “lesser body” and those who are not white or middle class (like aboriginal) were often seen as “disabled” by their ‘degenerate” bodies e. “positive eugenics” versus “negative eugenics” - positive eugenics (those that “should” create) like restrictions on birth control for white middle class women, like in Quebec white women should produce more white children - Negative eugenics (those that should “ not” create) like the sexual sterilization acts {not producing anyone other than white} 3.Eugenics and So-Called “Progressive” Social Reformers in Canada a. Canadian eugenicists got intellectual inspiration from the UK and US - eugenicists, since they were scientists and determined what is valuable (like crops and etc) why not determine which people are valuable - It was supported by many academics at that time - Like Medicine, social work, sociology, were justifying eugenicists - The US were far more “ successful” at getting eugenics through (having eugenicists law) luckily not as successful in Canada b. eugenics as so-called “progressive” reform movement supported by many academics -
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