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gender and the law key terms (Autosaved) EXAM REVIEW.docx

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1350
Julie Dowsett

GENDER AND THE LAW Key ConceptsCisgenderhaving a gender identity or gender role that society considers appropriate for the sex one was assigned at birth Opposite of Transgendered where someone identifies with a gender they do not have the right genitals for Lecture Trans Masculinities and Femininities Common Lawcomes from the British common law system used in countries around the world who were previously apart of the British Empire Common law consists of customs written laws and judicial precedent court cases Lecture Famous FiveEmily Murphy 1916 was challenged by a male lawyer as he believed that as a women she could not have been lawfully appointed as a police magistrate On August 27 1927 Murphy called on four other Albertabases womenNellie McClung Henrietta Muir Edwards Louise Crummy McKinney and Irene Parlbyto sign a petition under the Supreme Court of Canada Act asking the question Does the word person in section 24 of the British North America Act include female persons Persons case1929 the famous five wanted to amend the BNA act to consider women persons so they could sit in that senate Lecture The Womens Movement and Equality Rights in CanadaMythical NormThis norm created by society is usually defined as male white thin heterosexual Christian and financially secure the trappings of power reside within this mythical normGender and the Law course kit Barbara Perry page 55 Privilegeadvantage given to individuals by virtue of their group membership rather than through their own effort also known as unearned advantage Individuals with privileged positions in society have the ability and access to maintain their status reinforcing the systematic systems of power Privilege is invisible for those who have it white privilege male privilege and heterosexual privilegeNormalcydeviancy dichotomyHeteronormativity related to the social construction of normalcy and deviance in order to have the social construction of normalcy there needs to be a social construction of deviance They work as binary opposites in which heterosexuality is considered the norm therefore causing homosexuality to be the deviant Lecture Heteronormativity and Canadian LawHegemonic masculinityThe form of masculinity that is culturally dominant in a given setting is called hegemonic masculinity Hegemonic signifies a position of cultural authority and
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