Study Notes WMST 2510
Nira Yuval-Davis, Gender and Nation (G&K p.217-221)
Thesis: ―The expression ―nation-state‖ camouflages the only partial overlap between the
boundaries of the hegemonic national collectivity and the settled residents or even citizens of the
Clear Cut definition of who belongs and who doesn’t belong to the nation.
Exclusion of women primary premise of the article.
Jan Jindy Pettman, Women, Gender and the State (G&K p.174-181)
Thesis: ―Gendered and feminist analyses reveal that the state is in almost all cases male dominated and
is in different ways a masculine construct.‖
Women’s systematic exclusion
Razack, Sherene. ―Gender racial violence and spatialized justice: The murder of Pamela George‖
Thesis: ―A Number of factors contributed to masking the violence of the two accused and thus
diminishing their culpability and legal responsibility for the death of Pamela George.‖
―I race the argument made by feminist scholars that women working as prostitutes are considered
in law to have consented to whatever violence is visited upon them.‖
Frankenberg, Ruth, ―Points of Origin, Points of departure‖
Thesis: ―Race shapes white women’s lives. In the same way that both men’s and women’s lives
are shaped by their gender and that both heterosexual and lesbian women experiences in the
world are marked by their sexuality, white people and people of color live racially structured
Hooks, bell, ―Representing whiteness in the black imagination‖
Thesis: ―Black folks have, from slavery on, shared with one another in conversations ―special‖
knowledge of whiteness gleaned from close scrutiny of white people.‖ Black perspective of
Intersectionality: The way in which systems of oppression overlap with one another.
Relation of power and how they overlap, oppression and privilege Colonization: Colonization as integral to nation-state formation (Razack) – informs the
construction of citizens and non-citizens. Whiteness formed through colonization –
Canada as a white nation.
Colonization – both material and symbolic, and ongoing.
Spatial Segregation: Razack – in creation of Canadian nation-state during the initial
period of colonization, citizens knew who they were (―respectable‖, ―civilized‖) by their
spatial segregation from those they were not, ―degenerate‖ ―uncivilized‖ – non citizens –
racialized and gendered process of dehumanization/othering;
Spatial segregation shapes the identity of both colonizer and colonized. White male
colonizer as patriarch, white women as boundary of civilization, Aboriginal women as
dehumanized Other, they often experience this dehumanization violently – control of
Aboriginal women’s bodies, part of the assertion of dominance.
Citizenship: Citizenship – rights and responsibilities of membership of nation-state.
Whiteness: hooks – assumption of invisibility on part of white people, that people of
colour cannot see them – how people of colour return the gaze/the lens of power;
Ravensong – whit