Mid-Term Exam Review
Colonization: Stripped of land, that creates spatial segregation. It is a symbolic process, creation of
Other who is less than human. This other is based on race and gender. Colonization is needed to create
Spatial Segregation: Racialization of space, certain cultures and ethnicities in certain areas I.e.
Chinatown, The Hamptons, the ghetto. It is a geographical separation of the colonizer (white man) and
the colonized (The Other) through state policies. Colonization is a key component in Spatial Segregation.
Pamela George’s history and geography is what judged in her murder trial, because of what she
did for a living (prostitution) she was in a specific area where prostitution takes place. You would
have never found Pamela George in a rich part of town. The two boys that murdered do not fit
into that category though, they were white men and the white man can be removed from their
comfort zone and still feel in control in another area and do as they please because they are the
white man.(Razack, Gender Racial Violence and Spatialized Justice: The Murder of Pamela
George (Course Kit)
Nation-State: The fusing of identity (Nation) and authority (State). Both the nation and state have the
same perspective thus creating a stable political system.
“The expression Nation-State camouflages the partial overlap between the boundaries of
hegemonic national collectivity and the citizens of the state. “ (Yuval Davis, Gender and Nation
Citizenship: A member of state who owes allegiance to the government and is entitled to rights and
privileges in return.
“The history of citizenship is one of race, gender and class. The state decides who can belong
and who cannot.” (Pettman, Women, Gender and the State [G&K p.174-18])
Intersectionality: what makes up identity; for example the ways in which sexism and racism are
intertwined in the identities of women of colour.
Whiteness: a racialized identity, a system of privilege, access to citizenship and owning of land.
Whiteness is an advantage and a structural position. Ravensong
Stacey: Main Character, seventeen years old, wants to be the first aboriginal teacher ever, wants to go
to UBC, exceptional student, and struggles with views of the Native world and the White World,
Raven: Bird,trickster and transformer, his role is to bring both communities together and encourage a
deeper mutual understanding of each other and that is accomplished by sending sickness to both
Ceader: A tree
Celia: Stacey’s little sister
German Judy: homosexual, lesbian, white woman living in the native community ignored but content.
Rena: Homosexual, Lesbian, respected by all although she is a lesbian
Carol: Stacey’s only friend, a white friend
Polly: Student in Stacey’s school that committed suicide
- Talk of sickness arises
- Old lady Nora passes
- Raven is introduced and is always engaging in conversation with Celia
- Story takes place in the 1950’s with Aboriginal people in a small village
- Stacey goes to a non-aboriginal school, filled with whiteness and white people
- Stacey walks a long way to get to school, specifically over a bridge that separates white town
and the village. SPATIAL SEGREAGTION
- Stacey’s friend Carol tells her about a flu epidemic on its way and Stacey becomes worried
because her village is always losing people due to sickness
- Stacey at this time urges to live like the white people but finds conflict because she dislikes
- Stacey’s classmate named Polly was being made fun of by other classmates because of her
sexual activity with others and her business became public, then she committed suicide. Chapter #3
- Raven decides to carry on with the plan to bring in the sickness but Ceader disagrees with this
- A woman named Ella if first to suffer from the sickness and the women of the village do
everything possible to help her.
- Talk about Canadian nationalization takes place. (Making people Canadian). We find out that
Stacey’s Uncle was forced to sign papers that he didn’t understand and later realized that this
was the stripping of his Native roots and the making of his new Canadian life.
- Celia was sent away because of the flu epidemic, her mother thought this would be best
- Celia realized that she knew very little about Stacey and this broke her heart
- Stacey becomes resistant when going against her teacher and principal’s wishes when she
decides she will not be attending detention for being late due to the fact that her lateness was
caused by taking care of villagers because of the flu epidemic.
- Stacey standing up to her principal means Stacey is standing up to a white male, a white male
has power you should never challenge
- Stacey is pursued by a young boy named Steve. Steve walks with Stacey home without being
invited to do so and Stacey tells him goodbye at the bridge because he would be crossing into
territory that is not his and she is concerned she will be looked at differently.
- The flu epidemic took a large toll and killed many including Stacey’s father and the villages law
- Stacey learned thr