Sex Vs. Gender:
"Sex" refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women.
"Gender" refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a
given society considers appropriate for men and women.
Labour Force: the actual number of people available for work. The labor force of a country
includes both, the employed and the unemployed
Equality: It is defined as treating everyone the same, regardless of their differences. Whether the
difference is a person's age, race, sex, sexual orientation, religion, national origin or physical
disability, he is entitled to be held in the same esteem as any of his coworkers.
Equity: requires employers to engage in proactive employment practices to increase the
representation of four designated groups: women, people with disabilities, Aboriginal peoples,
and visible minorities
Flexible Labour Markets/Flexibility: refers to the speed with which labour markets adapt to
fluctuations and changes in society, the economy or production.
Gender-based division of labour: The division of labor in societ