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SOSC 1700 (17)


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Social Science
SOSC 1700
Nadiah Habib

WOMEN IN CANADA FINAL EXAM REVIEW PART 1 The Personal is political A well-known phrase used to explain what appears personal and private and an individual person’s circumstances is shown to be shaped by institutional policies and ideologically based values that differ in time and space. Through out the course, we have learned that institutions and government policies shape private and personal experiences, situations and characteristics of a minority group or an individual in a society. According to feminist theories, the personal is political means that many of the personal problems women experience and the bad situations they have to face are not the result of their lack of intelligence, rather are the result of gendered oppression and massive structural inequalities. One example that relates to this phrase involves women’s poverty. Society and gendered oppression have made women economically dependent on men, because they cant have access to the same job opportunities and equal wages as men. Then, the experience of high levels of poverty by women is the result of oppression and gender inequalities. The Feminization of Poverty This concept means that women in many industrialized West Nations are more likely to be poor than men. There are many reasons why women’s impoverishment is complex, but one of the most important is the fact that the traditional gender ideology still exists. Women are thought to be responsible of the house and the children while men work in the public sphere to sustain his family. This leaves women more vulnerable to become poor if their husband leaves or dies. Also, in the labor force women can only access to jobs where the wages are very low as compared to what men get. Children are one of the factors in the wage gap. Women put their children ahead of their career reducing women financial well-being through out her entire life. Colourism A form of prejudice or discrimination in which human beings are treated differently based on the social meanings attached to skin color. This term is also a social hierarchy based on degradations of skin within and between racial and ethnic groups. Colorism explains how the social meaning of skin color is an imposition of the Western Culture as a result of colonialism and the white supremacy. Light skin is associated with attractiveness and desirability. One of the readings from the book Inequality in Canada highlights this topic and explains how this negative inheritance from European Colonialists have and still affects the lives of many individuals around the world. Skin lightening is a term that belongs together with colorism because is the result of the ideology that dark skin is a sing of contamination and ugliness. Globalization Is the term used to define the process of the increasing speed and intensity and impact of global interactions. It divides and unites creating a more unequal world. According to the course and the reading about women and globalization, this term can be explain by three set of ideas, but the neo-liberal approach is the one that I think relates more with the issued women have been facing thought the years in different countries. The Neo liberal Approach understands globalization as a progressive process to create a global market. The third world becomes differentiated from the industrialized countries creating more inequalities. This is one of the scenarios in which women from the third world are deeply affected and vulnerable to impoverishment. Women are part of the labor force by migrating from developing to develop countries as domestic workers. This new job as domestic workers bring new issues which increases the struggle of women. Not only, poverty or low income was an problem women faced in their home countries, is also a reality in wealthy countries because issues like sexism, discrimination, and lack of opportunities due to gender and race prevent these immigrant women to have access to a better life. People- First Language Is a form of linguistic denomination intended to avoid dehumanization when discussing people with disabilities. Also a basic idea to impose a sentence that names the person first and the condition second. Through out the course, this term have been very important and relates to the issues that people, mainly women with disabilities face. It is very important to change the way this individuals are called, because as the lecture and the reading explain is no the same to say disabled people as saying people with disabilities. The word disability according to the critical disability theory is a social construct not the result of impairment. Disability is a complex relationship between impairment and the individuals response to that impairment as well the social environment. This term belongs together with the topic about women and disability and all the struggles and inequalities people with disabilities have to face in society. Critical Disabilities Theory Stresses the social model of disability: the reaction to a dominant medical model of disability in which the body can only be fixed with medical intervention. It includes negative attitudes and exclusion meaning that society is the main factor in disabling people. Limitations and impairments lead to disability because the society is unable to include people regardless of their individual differences. This theory explores models that examine economic, political, social and cultural factors that define disability. The struggle and social disadvantages of people with disabilities are the result of the failure of society to respond to the diversity presented by disability. In the book inequality in Canada, one of the chapter highlights home care for women with disabilities. This chapter uses the critical disability model and one of its components: the social model of disability to explain the experience of women with disabilities in Canadian society. This term was very important in the course to understand the real situation of people with disabilities and how their limitations instead of been a reason of help and more opportunities, is a way of stigmatizing them as disable people. Also, the author of the chapter wants to focus in ways in which gender issues affects women’s home care policies and their lives with long term impairments. Compulsory Heterosexuality Refers to the ideology and social practices that pushes gendered women and men into couples and makes them believe it is a free choice. One of the topics covered by the course and one of the chapters of the book Inequality in Canada was about women’s sexuality and how their sexual orientation prevented them to have the same opportunities in society others had. Heterosexuality has always been the dominant ideology and is reinforced by the government and its institutions. This ideology that states which sexual orientation people should have, works to oppress heterosexuals. Also, is a form of exclusion of those who doesn’t shares this ideology and has other sexual practices. In the book Inequality in Canada, one of the chapters focus on the lesbian bar culture of Toronto. This chapter relates to the definition of compulsory heterosexuality. The author highlights the struggles and the difficult strategies lesbian women had to implement to survive. Compulsory heterosexuality ensures the false believe that all individuals have chosen by their own will to be heterosexual, by considering heterosexuality invisible and unmarked. This ideology insures its dominance over other sexual orientations. Also, it marked lesbianism as deviant and hated PART 2 What does it mean to legislate difference? Outline and discuss two examples of how the Canadian state legislated difference? The Canadian State undertook changes to change the lives of minority groups through out history. The term Legislate difference can be applied to issues in different fields like economy, politics and social in which there is always one group that dominates over other. Legislate difference means to justify social hierarchy between a white supremacy and the rest of the population with government laws and policies. The state use legislations to set a difference between who belong to the white settler nation and whose didn’t belong. One example of how Canadian state legislated difference is highlighted in the topic about aboriginal population. The Canadian state tried many strategies to transform aboriginal communities and make them assimilate settler colonialist practices. These strategies devalued aboriginal communities by making them inferior. The Canadian state developed the Indian Act to legislate difference between white and aboriginal communities. These legislations were based in the system of reservations in which the state displaced communities unto reserves without taking into consideration family relations or the relationship with the environment. This is a clear example of how the State have used legislations to marked some communities as dominant and some others as inferior. What are some of the some of
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