Notes for SOSC 1730 Test 1
-The city is the locus of urbanism, however, urbanity is not confined to cities
-The city is a large, dense and permanent settlement of heterogeneous individuals.
-City provides for increased anonymity, superficial and transitory relationships
-The city is the centre of economic, political and cultural life
-Urban characteristics can be found even in rural settings where there is influence from a city.
-a city is home to a diverse population. Because of this there is a degree of separation between
inhabitants that is less seen in small towns. People typically are attracted to others that are like them,
and in a city of diverse population, citizens likely create distance between themselves and others in the
city. Unlike in a rural community that is more homogeneous.
-Our acquaintances in city life are often seen as a means to our end (grocery store clerk, bus ticket
person) rather than whole people.
-Specialization of individuals will only work in a large market, which accentuates the division of labour.
-Without social order the city wouldn’t be able to maintain itself. Ie traffic lights
-The city can be a lonely place. Even though there is physical closeness, there is emotional and social
-in cities individuals join organizations reflective of human needs and interests.
-Through activities of volunteer groups the urbanite expresses and develops his personality, status etc.
-the larger the number of persons in a state of interaction with each other, the lower is the level of
-by studying urbanity, sociologists may be able to figure out ways to cope with the issues of city living ie
poverty, sanitation, housing etc.
-Development of technology was necessary for settled communities.
-Certain innovations facilitated a productive economy in these settlements.
-Social organization was required to give incentive for farmers to grow food to support more than just
-In western Europe, activities developed from mainly agricultural to handicraft, and factories. Parker:
-The city is a settlement where people live off of commerce and trade rather than agriculture.
-In addition to trade and commerce, a city must have politics and administration.
-City also needed defence because so many cities we