1. Define the terms “child” and “childhood”. Based on the work of Aries and Warnock Fernea, offer a
critical account of how children were understood and treated in pre-modern/medieval times taking into
consideration different cultural contexts.
A answer will take stuff from other parts of the course and not just what is asked.
child vs child come out of the first lecture
definition of child is, legal, UN definition
childhood in general definition
first reading, the person who launched modern childhood study which he said childhood didn't
exist in med evil times
Vernana trial pre-modern article third article (Islamic culture)
where the ideas are same and where they differ (compare and contrast)
colonializim in Islamic vs. Arasis arguments in medieval
2. What is the western history/philosophy of childhood? Provide an overview and give a comparative
account of how Locke and Rousseau differed in their opinions. Show how their ideas influenced
contemporary constructions of childhood.
child is becoming --> what they mean, child is property, child is blank slate. know the time periods -->
ancient, post modern
pg38 Locke- blank slate, Rousseau- child has its own world and is corrupted by adulthood
what tendency do we have childhood today, how childhood should be treated, educated and structures,
has to do with earlier discourses in this. there discourses of these idea's
3. In which way has the field of sociology traditionally viewed children and what is the ‘new’ sociology of
childhood? Discuss Corsaro’s and Matthew’s ideas on the subject and how these are critical of earlier
Corsaras and Mathews article
traditional socioligcal views, defined early in artice.
mathew has three ideas of tradition to modern
corsara-->Paige, cognitive, development, contribution that children make, socialization is a two way
streak, children live in two cultures, culture of childhood, culture of adulthood. Seed new sociology. Mathew talk about particle research methods, new sociology(3 arguments), incompetent social actors
NOT the 3 determinist models... PG 171!
whats the traditional view, whats the new sociology
what is traditional view and what are the three things that he identifies 3 new sociology.
4. Outline some of Freud’s ideas, particularly in regards to children, which continue to be so influential
today. Comment on the significance of the Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-old Boy and, more
specifically, on the ‘animetaphor’ of horse/giraffe.children are sexual creatures
idego vs superego
Freud psycho sexual stages of development
the Oedipus complex
significance of little Hans
o ideas came from analysing adults, trauma usually came from youth
o Hans is actually looking at a youth
o how successful his ideas are shown to be or not shown to be through Hans
o idea of animetaphors (horse and the giraffe) they have a certain symbolic meaning
what these horses means and why Hans is scared of these horses
analysis what Freud does
phobia of the horse
birth of his sister