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Midterm Review.docx

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Social Science
SOSC 1800
Frank Scherer

1. Define the terms “child” and “childhood”. Based on the work of Aries and Warnock Fernea, offer a critical account of how children were understood and treated in pre-modern/medieval times taking into consideration different cultural contexts.  A answer will take stuff from other parts of the course and not just what is asked.  child vs child come out of the first lecture  definition of child is, legal, UN definition  childhood in general definition  first reading, the person who launched modern childhood study which he said childhood didn't exist in med evil times  Vernana trial pre-modern article third article (Islamic culture)  where the ideas are same and where they differ (compare and contrast)  colonializim in Islamic vs. Arasis arguments in medieval 2. What is the western history/philosophy of childhood? Provide an overview and give a comparative account of how Locke and Rousseau differed in their opinions. Show how their ideas influenced contemporary constructions of childhood. child is becoming --> what they mean, child is property, child is blank slate. know the time periods --> ancient, post modern These overlap pg38 Locke- blank slate, Rousseau- child has its own world and is corrupted by adulthood what tendency do we have childhood today, how childhood should be treated, educated and structures, etc. has to do with earlier discourses in this. there discourses of these idea's 3. In which way has the field of sociology traditionally viewed children and what is the ‘new’ sociology of childhood? Discuss Corsaro’s and Matthew’s ideas on the subject and how these are critical of earlier sociological models. Corsaras and Mathews article traditional socioligcal views, defined early in artice. mathew has three ideas of tradition to modern corsara-->Paige, cognitive, development, contribution that children make, socialization is a two way streak, children live in two cultures, culture of childhood, culture of adulthood. Seed new sociology. Mathew talk about particle research methods, new sociology(3 arguments), incompetent social actors NOT the 3 determinist models... PG 171! whats the traditional view, whats the new sociology what is traditional view and what are the three things that he identifies 3 new sociology. 4. Outline some of Freud’s ideas, particularly in regards to children, which continue to be so influential today. Comment on the significance of the Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-old Boy and, more specifically, on the ‘animetaphor’ of horse/giraffe.children are sexual creatures  idego vs superego  Freud psycho sexual stages of development  the Oedipus complex  the unconscious  significance of little Hans o ideas came from analysing adults, trauma usually came from youth o Hans is actually looking at a youth o how successful his ideas are shown to be or not shown to be through Hans o idea of animetaphors (horse and the giraffe) they have a certain symbolic meaning  what these horses means and why Hans is scared of these horses  analysis what Freud does  phobia of the horse  birth of his sister
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