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SOSC 1900 (2)

Mid-term study guide based on the questions handed out in class

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Social Science
SOSC 1900
Nadiah Habib

Study Guide: Mid Term What does it mean to say Gendering as a complex process that starts even before we are born?  Gender a social construction that is formed in several social institutions  Baby X was born male or female but parents raised him gender-less  “by the time sex matters, it won‟t be a secret anymore”  Schools full of rules for boys and girls  X had problems at school parents upset X influenced the other students  Toys gender specific, clothing gender specific  Sex/gender system: with this system comes the social investment in the assumed binary relationship between boys/girls; ladies/gentlemen; man/woman  Less negative stigmatization for girls who cross the boundaries (tom boys) than for boys who cross the boundaries (sissies) What does it mean to say that femininity is a social construct?  Femininity is a social construct, young girls are taught to behave “feminine”  Often taught at home and in school  Those who are not “feminine: are seen as “tomboys” and different Article “What a Girl Wants” What does it mean to say that masculinity is a social construct?  Gender socially constructed, from when infants are born and throughout their whole lives they are treated as such gender those who do not fit the gender norm are seen as different, queer, tomboy/sissy  Author of Sissy boy article shows that from an early age a child can be treated separate from the other gender by assigning different toys, colours…  He the author of sissy boy was not taught by his parents much like other children but he had difficult time in school (social institution) What does it mean to say that Woman is not a Universal Category? how do other subject locations weave through the experiences of masculinity and femininity? Ethnicity? Class? Racialization? Ability? Age? Geography? Etc.? The story of Barbie and her “Other” sisters as meaningful to the non-universality of the category “woman”. Difference is sameness in different colors and costumes.[clothes don‟t only make the woman but also mark racial and cultural difference] White Barbie comes in an array of outfits, non-white Barbies come in costumes that perform difference and also shape how we come to see and understand difference, often as performance of what is not really us and that which does not have many options. Difference reduced to skin color and costume [black Jamaican Barbie dressed as peasant or maid] white Barbie can be anything, can wear everything. How does doing so entrench ideas about race and makes these other dolls always a relational category to the white doll and not vice versa?Difference as a value rather than difference as a relationship [the story of the doll] What does it mean to say that Man is not a Universal Category? Why might it be important to take history into consideration in relation to gender and sexuality? Men have a contradictory experience of power and privilege, explain.  Man‟s power is a paradox  Suppression leads to more emotional dependency on women for example, sometimes “she” becomes the only one who really knows us, the only one we open up to  Pain and power shape‟s men sense of manhood  Alienation keeps men distant from women and other men  Contradiction: all boys promised power but it depends where these boys and men are located, whether or not they get to exercise the power and privileges promised to them  But the contradiction is that by virtue by being men they also experience pain isolation and alienation not just from women but especially men  This contradictory experience of power is really the experience of dominant masculinity  Age, biology, class, ability, sexual orientation, religion, location, ethnicity.  Weave through the experience of masculinity and shape how much power these men get to wield in the social world What role does violence play in the construction of masculinity?  The construction of Masculinity and the triad of men‟s violence a) Men‟s violence against women b) Men‟s violence against other men c) Men‟s violence against themselves  Violence is an expression of the fragility of masculinity, the family a place to feel powerful  Violence of men against men is an expression of relations of power  And the fear of losing that power Movie Tough Guise:  Violence not seen as deviance but part of being a man, toughness: disguise, survival mechanism  Respect= ability to scare people  If not big, muscular= respect can come from holding a gun  Violence is also sexualized: women objectified by men (playboy), putting down women (degrading)  Masculinity makes violence acceptable, used to solve problems According to Richard Dyer stereotyping performs at least four functions identify and explain them. What are some of the problems with Dyer’s notions of stereotyping?  Richard Dyer 4 functions: 1) an ordering process 2) a short cut 3) referring to the world 4) expressing our values and our beliefs How does Stuart Hall define stereotypes? According to Hall what are the four functions of stereotypes? Please explain each function. And offer examples of each function.  Stuart Hall defi
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