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The City in History:Reading Guide Medieval Urban Housekeeping Chapter 10 #1-13.docx

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 2730
Lewis Code

The City in History Reading Guide Medieval Urban Housekeeping Chapter 10 1131Outline the nature of the family in medieval life Compared to modern life the medieval urban family was a very open unit for it included as part of the normal household not only relatives by blood but a group of industrial workers as well as domestics whose relation was that of secondary members of the family This held for all classes for young men from the upper classes got their knowledge of the world by serving as waiting men in a noble family what they observed and overheard at mealtime was part of their education p2812Did the workplace function as a sort of extended familyExplainThe workshop was a family likewise the merchants counting house The members ate together at the same table worked in the same rooms slept in the same or common hall converted at night into dormitories joined in the family prayers participated in the common amusements The guild itself was a sort of patriarchal family which kept order in its own household fining and penalizing smaller offenses against the brotherhood quite apart from the municipality p2813What were medieval houses like Explore the topics of windows heat overall plan hallways the burgher house privacy and comfort as well as regional variations and the evolution of these featuresHouses only two or three stories high at the beginningwere usually built in continuous rows around the perimeter of their rear gardens sometimes in large blocks they formed inner courts with a private green reached through a single gateway on the street The materials for the houses came out of the local soil and they varied with the region The earliest houses would have small window openings with shutters to keep out the weather then later permanent windows of thoiled cloth paper eventually glass In 15 century glass was so costly it was used thonly in public buildings and then by the 16 century it had become cheap and widely available so more glass than wall But in the southern parts of Europe the oppressive summer heat put a brake on this development Heating arrangements steadily improved in part with the outburst of human energy in the north winter gradually ceased to be a period of stupefied hibernation The open hearth in the middle of a stone floor gave way to the fireplace and the chimney Fireproofing went along with this development As for the plan of the house it varied with the region and the century yet certain features remained common A ground plan of a French house has a shop on the ground floor connected by an open gallery with the kitchen in the rear The two formed a court where the well occupied a corner There was a chimney in the kitchen and in the living room above the shop from the latter there was access to the dormitories above In Italy a desire to be comfortable in summer caused them to raised the ceiling above any reasonable height The only form of modern hallway was the open gallery or the narrow usually winding stairs The fact the burgher house served as workshop sore and
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