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Review Notes for Final exam 2800.docx

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 2800
Merouan Mekouar

Review Notes for Final exam 2800 Definitions Collectivization -the organization of a nation or economy on the basis of collectivism De-collectivization - To free from collective control Crop pricing- •Low prices for farmers •Low prices for urban dwellers But… •Decrease farmers income •Increases food insecurity •Trade-off Shanty towns- Atown or a section of a town consisting chiefly of shacks. Often areas of high poverty. Urban poor - portion of the urban population living in extreme poverty. Formal sector - is that part of an economy that is taxed and monitored by the government. Informal sector- is that part of an economy that is not taxed, monitored by any form of government or included in any gross national product (GNP), unlike the formal economy Sites and services - government provided solutions -Site and services is an approach to bringing shelter within the economic reach of the poor. •State sells or rents parcels of land with basic services. •Allow the government to direct building •Mid solution in terms of costs •Affordable Migration -Applies to people’s movement within and across national boundaries. Includes: •Refugees •Asylum seekers •Displaced persons •Immigrant •Usually local •Most migrants are men Push factors •Human Rights abuses •Transitions to democracy •Overpopulation •Natural and man-made disasters •Competitive exclusion •Government policies •Violence Pull factors •Economic opportunities •Government policies •Globalization •The internet and satellite television •Human trafficking Refugees - a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. Consociationalism 1. Leaders of groups form coalition party 2. Veto power 3. Public service divide with ethnicity 4. Each ethnic group afford a high degree to manage their own business J curve -occurs when a prolonged period
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