1. Who are the parties?
a. Griever – Southern Ontario Newspaper Guild (Union)
b. Toronto Star
2. What is the issue between them
a. Union claims that the Star has employed non-union employees (the Browns) to
do collective bargaining unit work – wholesaling and distributing newspapers in
the Trenton area. The company states they are not employees but independent
3. How does question of employment relate to the issue?
a. If the Browns were employees, there would be contract violation with the
collective bargaining agreement, if they were contractors, no violation
4. What tests are applied?
a. Integration test - the Browns have been doing the same work as the DSR, which
shows they are integrated into the organization. The company controls when