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Sociology review.docx

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York University
SOCI 1010
Fred Diamond

Sociology Review October 2012 Chapter 1 • What is a social problem? - something that affects the economy, and peoples livelihoods. - condition that a section of society shows to be significantly harmful to other members of society; comes down to who is in the decision making position - personal experience and personal thought if an actual “problem” ; ex NHL lockout-jobs,fans • What are elements of social structure and culture? - through social change, conflict develops (capitalism; private ownership of production in economy) - followers and leaders / decision makers, beliefs of what is wrong and what is right - conflict in the decision making roles/power/more traditional families/age • The sociological imagination - ability to see connections between personal lives and the social world we live in - term developed by C.Wright Mills , difficult to develop this quality of mind in people • Theoretical Perspectives SF,C,SI,F,PM,Q 1. Structural-Functionalism - assess social structures and their functions or dysfunctions - everything has a function and if it is meant to work, it will work - each part of society influences and is influenced by other parts 2. Conflict - understands differences to be a driving force behind many social problems (differences in power, wellbeing and access to resources) - therefore, owner and worker are in a conflict position - CAPITALISM 3. Symbolic Interactionism - emphasizes that human behavior is influenced by definitions and meanings created through interacting with others - sense of judgement almost - group 1 deals with how you are, then group 2 deals with how you are from group 1’s views about you 4. Feminist - focus on sex and gender as defining and important categories of abuse - demonstrates that women are considered insignificant by social structures 5. Post Modern - rejects the notion that societies are completely rational and that a single truth about social worlds can be identified ; rejects the idea that you can “ create fixed categories which claim to be true and objective” 6.Queer - developed in response to panics over HIV not being given to gay men - how sexual identity relates to various problems rooted in abuse and prejudice • Variables and hypothesis - dependent , independent - variable is any measurable event that varies or is subject to change - once defined a variable, researches formulate a hypothesis (prediction or guess about how one variable is related to another variable) - formulating a hypothesis; predicts how the independent variable affects dependent Sociology Review October 2012 Family - family is a set of people who live together as married,common law, or lone-parent , generally as either a spouse,partner,parent or child - 2006 stats Canada - 85% of total population in Canada fit that definition, lone parent families accounted for 15.7% • Types of family - heterosexual monogamy - pair bonding between two opposite sex persons - polygamy - one man with two or more wives - polyandry - marriage of one woman and 2+ men - polygyny - marriage of one male, 2+ women - census family - a now-married couple,a couple living together common-law, with at least one never- married son or daughter living in same home. Theorist perspectives on family SF,C,SI,F,PM,Q • Structural-Functionalist Family is ; A social institution and has crucial functions in which gender roles are important such as ; - Reproduction, Regulation of sexual activity, Procreation, Socialization , Maintenance and support - Family breakdown(divorce)is a primary social problem - leads to secondary problems such as crime,poverty - Heterosexual families = norm ; lone-parent & same sex = abnormal or dysfunctional • Conflict Family is ; an influence of social class and power - Unequal power part is part of problem for domestic abuse - Father comes first , then rest of fam - Patriarchy - male or father is head of house hold , male dominance - Most dangerous place is in the home • Symbolic Interaction Family is ; Human behavior is dependent on meanings and definitions that come from small group interactions - As social meanings change, behaviors change Divorce - was highly frowned upon and info
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