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SOCI 3630 Study Guide for In-class Test.docx

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York University
SOCI 3630
Alireza Asgharzadeh

APSOCI 3630 Sociology of EducationStudyGuide for InClass TestTutorial Sections 12 TA Jeff Butler1 AntiRacism Education Antiracism educationAn action oriented strategy to interrogate racism andinterlocking systems of social oppression for the purpose of institutional andsystematic change particularly in educational pedagogical centers Theacknowledgement of racism and racial inequality first appeared in the late1980s in Canadian society It was a result of minority communities drawingattention to the way racism inhibited life chances of their children Antiracism education aims to change discriminatory institutional andorganizational policies and practices based on the principle that race isanchored in experiences of racial minorities in society and in school and thatantiracism is a tool Various programs such as training educators in antiracism and reviewing the curriculum materials to identify racial bias wereintroduced in order to improve each students quality of learningMulticultural education A move from monocultural education It is teachingvalues of tolerance respect and understanding in regards to differentculturesANTIRACISM EDUCATIONAntiracism education may be defined as an action oriented strategy to interrogate racism and the interlocking systems of social oppression for the purpose of institutional and systemic change particularly in educational and pedagogical centres Encompasses broad theoretical and activist approaches rooted in grassroots strugglesBuilt on the assumption that racism and radicalization stem from relations of power embedded in institutions and social practices rather than individual attitudes prejudices or cultural misunderstandings Emphasizes intersectional approachChallenges liberalism notions of equal opportunity and reform and the focus on national unity harmony i diversity and symbolic approaches to racismIt is action oriented aiming at institutional systematic changeSome basic principles of antiracism education1 Recognition of the social effects of race despite the concepts lack of scientific basis 2 Recognition of intersections of all forms of oppression 3 Acknowledgment of the power and privilege or whiteness in society Du Bois 4 Acknowledgment of marginalization and delegitimization of certain knowledges and experiences 5 Acknowledgment of the need for a holistic understanding appreciation of the human experience 6 Acknowledgement of a relationship between identity formation and schooling experience 7 Acknowledgement of the need to address the challenge of difference and diversity in schooling and by extension in the larger society 8 Acknowledgement of the role of education in the production and reproduction of racial class and gender inequalities 9 The acknowledgement that school problems experiences by students cannot be understood in isolation from larger social economic and political issues in society 10 The questioning of the views that see family or home environment as a source of the problems that students experience in schoolsWhere it came from ARE was formulated in USA and Britain appearing in Canadian context in the late 1980s and is still evolvingResult of minority communities drawing attention to the way racism limited life chances of their childrenAiming to change discriminatory institutional and organizational policies and practicesBased on the principle that race is anchored in experiences of racial minorities From late 1980s to the mid1990s a catalyst for some boards of education to develop new policiesIntroduction of various programs including training educators in antiracism reviews of assessment and placement procedures introduction of employment equity strategies review of curriculum materials to identify racial bias And development of AR curriculum resources and strategiesExamplesUsing a variety of resources that are not dominantly EuroCentric Integrating in class activities that are based on different culture2 Conscientization Paulo FreireConscientization is a social educational concept developed by Paulo Freire andis used in Marxist critical theory Learning to perceive social political andeconomic contradictions developing a critical awarenessso that individuals
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