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SOSC 1000 Study Guide - Final Guide: Jeremy Rifkin, Jackson Katz, Luddite

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1000
Judith Adler Hellman
Study Guide

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Violent Masculinity
-is a concept of a tough, strong, and powerful man introduced by Jackson Katz in the movie
Tough Guise. This image of real man is often presented to young men through media where
they see that being violent is normal. Because of this wrong characteristics of real man,
young people perform violently which in turn increases the levels of violence, murder, and
-It can be compared to sex in traditional society that was studied earlier in the course.
Traditionally real man was the one who was physically strong, clever, stubborn, and one who
can provide for his family. Violence however, was not a characteristic of real man. We can
see this transformation of real man even through toys for boys. Katz explains how boys' toys
such as soldiers or super heroes are made more masculine than in the past which can also
influence violent masculinity of boys in their early years.
-is one of the largest resistance of workers who feared that new technology will diminish
employment. This movement began in 1811 and finished in 1817. Luddites were the workers
who protested against the Industrial Revolution. They feared that technology, opposed
technological changes and acted as self-defense by destroying machines.
-Similar movements of resistance of workers protested against child labour and bad working
-relates to the theme of the bottom up
-Jeremy Rifkin Tries to see from a Luddites perspective in order to describe why they were
against the rise of technology, instead of looking at a modern perspective
-He found that Luddites were against technology not because they were primitive but because
they were afraid that technology could be destructive.
-relates to the theme of ideology. Rifkin proves that ideology shapes history and history
shapes ideology when discussing how technological determinism has had an effect on the
past, the present, and the future of civilization. This was a recurring theme from Howard Zinn
in the Columbus story.
Race as a Social Construct
-Nelson & Fleras, Brooks & Miljan
-any physical characteristics, moral properties, we rank from inferior to superior (aboriginals —
white males). Humans stereotype and place labels on each other based on preset feelings
towards them, and based on the creation of their own minds. Humans judge each other
based off of our own differences and look at certain attributes to categorize each other.
-Humans classify each other based off of:
A.A. fixed and arbitrary characteristics such as skin colour
A.B. attribute certain physical, social, psychological and moral properties to these categories
A.C. evaluate and rank these categories in ascending and descending order of inferiority to
-This definition above acknowledges the concept of race as a social construction—that is, a
hypothetical construct, without any basis in biology or scientific validity
BIOLOGY — it is proven that there is no gene that characterizes race
Race: the classification of population groups
-can be related to sexuality because there is a lot of debate around whether sexuality is
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biologically determined or that is is a choice. So according to this we can say that humans are
biologically the same but socially different.
Liberal Feminism
-The liberal feminist perspective focuses on the inequalities between men and women
-generating laws against this behaviour will have the biggest impact, they appreciate the
improvement, they noticed more equality with men recently even though the status is still
uneven. Deals with women rights within a liberal democracy.
-most liberal feminists in Canada adopt this version. Argued that Maternal Feminist beliefs do
not change the way women are viewed in society. They argued against maternal feminist
belief that a women’s place remained in the home, that women were morally superior to men
and should thus be educated in order to be good wives and mothers. The issue for Welfare
Feminists is ensuring a moral order in a society transformed by the economic excesses of
capitalism was primary. Radical and cultural, feminists would also enter this debate around
the issue of women’s nature being moral superior to that of man, leading to the critique that
these feminists were essentializing women by seeing all women as the same, and
reproducing the dichotomization of male and female natures as being fundamentally different
from one another. Example of a group is NAC (National Action Committee on the Status of
-A way of diversifying the economy by not causing dependance on a resource.
-There are 3 types of linkages: backwards linkages, forward linkages, and find demand
the reason we don't diversify the economy is because of imports and leakages.
his can cause a trap economy
-The transition from James Bay to Voisey Bay, caused a forward linkages in 1997
after this the environment became a major issue
Caused the Inuit to buy into modernity
Cause de-regulation of the environment and systematic racism to happen
-Innis and Staples. relates to the theme of inequality. Innis describes how natural resources
are so essential to he history of Canada while Lotte Hughes describes how the Inuits were
more forced on collectivity. By Canadians being so dependant on the resources of the land,
they have alienated its wealth.
Caregiver Role
-The caregiver role is viewed as the label of love
-The caregiver role is unpayable
-Caregivers are viewed as consumers not producers
-Caregivers are financially dependent on there spouse
-A women's place is in the home, the caregiver is the glue that bonds the family together
-Not only care for children but to maintain all work around the house
clean house, prepare food for her family, do the laundry etc.
-As a daughter she has to care for her elder parents
-Many of the caregiver functions have been taken over by government. Ex. Daycares
- Around the 1990s
Intense mothering emerges, 24 hours of care, support
What made this possible?
-Demographics, families started having fewer and fewer children
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