SOSC 2150 Study Guide - Health Promotion, Heroic Medicine, Chemotherapy

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September 27/2010
Biomedical Model
-there are two dominant paradigms that shape the understanding of health: health
promotion and biomedical and alternative health
-however most policies are formed around the first two mentioned
models of health- are models that identify and isolate chief characteristics of a
particular population in what relates to their health, it helps us define and better
understand causal effects (why certain diseases occur in certain places)
-understanding why helps us make changes for the better
Historical Origins
-emerged in the late 1800;s
-when allopaths (doctors) and other practicioners (chiropractors, nurses…etc) all worked
together
-it was based on humoral therapy: the idea that body and health are composed of four
elements each refered to a body part)
-four elements (hot/cold/wet/dry)
-belief that health is a balance between these four elements, and all therepeutics
are based on principle of opposites :heroic medicine
Ie-if you were hot, they would apply something cold to you (opposite)
Doctrine of specific etiology: which is the notion that there are specific causes to specific
diseases and one you understand what the cause is, you can find the cure
-based on herbal remedies
-laboratories were not wide spread, were not common or popular because their
treatments were rather brutal, people rathered natural ways of healing
-infectious diseases were the leading killer,
-people were more conjested in work places, and more people lived in
smaller corters, deplorable conditions, slum factories…etc
-because of the conditions, more corporations and governments were putting more
money into laboratories because it was cheaper to prevent diseases than to cure them.
Characteristics
-emphasis placed on biological causes of disease
-health means the absence of disease
-is based on norms, mechanistic, standardization of symptoms and physiological
measurements
-curative rather than preventative
-based on invasive therapeutics means of cure, focuses on surgery and drug treatment
-hospital based
-based on hierarchal relationship, (doctor/health care workers/patient). Doctor knows
everything and patient must submit and other health care providers not as smart
-emphasis placed on biological research (if you don’t have something physically wrong
with you, than there’s nothing wrong with you)
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Document Summary

There are two dominant paradigms that shape the understanding of health: health promotion and biomedical and alternative health. However most policies are formed around the first two mentioned. Models of health - are models that identify and isolate chief characteristics of a particular population in what relates to their health, it helps us define and better understand causal effects (why certain diseases occur in certain places) Understanding why helps us make changes for the better. When allopaths (doctors) and other practicioners (chiropractors, nurses etc) all worked together. It was based on humoral therapy: the idea that body and health are composed of four elements each refered to a body part) Belief that health is a balance between these four elements, and all therepeutics are based on principle of opposites : heroic medicine . Ie-if you were hot, they would apply something cold to you (opposite)

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