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SOSC 2150 Study Guide - Health Promotion, Heroic Medicine, Chemotherapy

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 2150
Lykke Dela Cour

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September 27/2010
Biomedical Model
-there are two dominant paradigms that shape the understanding of health: health
promotion and biomedical and alternative health
-however most policies are formed around the first two mentioned
models of health- are models that identify and isolate chief characteristics of a
particular population in what relates to their health, it helps us define and better
understand causal effects (why certain diseases occur in certain places)
-understanding why helps us make changes for the better
Historical Origins
-emerged in the late 1800;s
-when allopaths (doctors) and other practicioners (chiropractors, nurses…etc) all worked
-it was based on humoral therapy: the idea that body and health are composed of four
elements each refered to a body part)
-four elements (hot/cold/wet/dry)
-belief that health is a balance between these four elements, and all therepeutics
are based on principle of opposites :heroic medicine
Ie-if you were hot, they would apply something cold to you (opposite)
Doctrine of specific etiology: which is the notion that there are specific causes to specific
diseases and one you understand what the cause is, you can find the cure
-based on herbal remedies
-laboratories were not wide spread, were not common or popular because their
treatments were rather brutal, people rathered natural ways of healing
-infectious diseases were the leading killer,
-people were more conjested in work places, and more people lived in
smaller corters, deplorable conditions, slum factories…etc
-because of the conditions, more corporations and governments were putting more
money into laboratories because it was cheaper to prevent diseases than to cure them.
-emphasis placed on biological causes of disease
-health means the absence of disease
-is based on norms, mechanistic, standardization of symptoms and physiological
-curative rather than preventative
-based on invasive therapeutics means of cure, focuses on surgery and drug treatment
-hospital based
-based on hierarchal relationship, (doctor/health care workers/patient). Doctor knows
everything and patient must submit and other health care providers not as smart
-emphasis placed on biological research (if you don’t have something physically wrong
with you, than there’s nothing wrong with you)
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