Study Guides (380,000)
US (220,000)
AU (100)
(4)
Study Guide

PUBH-110 FA4- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 40 pages long!)


Department
PUBH - PUBLIC HEALTH
Course Code
PUBH-110 FA4
Professor
Margolin
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 40 pages of the document.
American U
PUBH-110 FA4
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

ASPPH Article
Public health is protecting and improves the health of individuals, families, communities, and
populations, locally and globally.
What do public health professionals do?
oImplement educational programs
oDevelop policies
oAdminister services
oConduct research
oRegulate health systems
What are examples of global public health issues?
oImproving access to health care
oControlling infectious disease
oReducing environmental hazards, violence, substance abuse, and injury
What are some impacts of public health?
oImproving global health
Researching global epidemics, making policies to prepare for outbreaks, medicine
distribution, and education. (ex. HIV/AIDs work)
Epidemic: when prevalence of a disease in a given geographic area exceeds the
expected rate
oAdvancing environmental health
Trying to find solutions to issues such as factory emissions, etc.
oCreating healthier communities
Passing laws regulating dangerous fats, etc.
oReducing the impact of natural disasters and global epidemics
Help protect the public from unsafe water, airborne pathogens, etc.
oAddressing health disparities
Making healthcare accessible to all sectors of society (ex. healthcare reform, insurance
costs)
10 Greatest Public Health Achievements
1. Immunizations
2. Motor vehicle safety
3. Control of infectious diseases
4. Workplace safety
5. Declines in deaths from heart disease and stroke
6. Safer and healthier foods
7. Healthier mothers and babies
8. Family planning
9. Fluoridation of drinking water
10. Tobacco as a health hazard
History of Public Health
Ancient Greeks (500-323 BC)
oBelieved that disease was caused by an imbalance between man and his environment
oHippocrates (b. 460 BC)
Father of western medicine
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Coined the term epidemic
Roman Empire (23-476 AD)
oAdopted Greek health values
oEngineers began to focus on sewage issues and aqueducts
oAdministration focused on public baths, water supply, food markets, etc.
Middle Ages (476-1450 AD)
oSpiritual health leads to decline in hygiene and sanitation
oNew public health tools: quarantine, isolation of diseased individuals
Renaissance (1400-1600 AD)
oDisease spread by traders/explorers kills 90% of indigenous people in the new world
Age of Reason and Enlightenment (1500-1800 AD)
oBirth of modern medicine
oEdward Jenner coins term vaccine
Industrialization Urbanization (1800s)
oGreat Sanitary Awakening (1800-1900)
Humanitarian ideals
Poverty=disease
Begin to monitor community health status
Focus on water supply and sewage
oSanitary Reform
England
They “survey into the sanitary condition of laboring classes in Great Britain.”
1848: founded General Board of Health
USA
“Report of the sanitary commission of Massachusetts”
1869: founded the state board of health
oSanitary Revolution
Clean water
Food inspection
Soap/disinfectants
Personal hygiene
Public works/health departments
Important People
oLouis Pasteur
1862: proves germs cause disease
1888: first public health lab
oRobert Koch
1883: identifies vibrio that causes cholera
Discovered tuberculosis bacterium
From Ancient Times to Population Health
What is public health?
oThe fulfillment of societies interest in assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy
oOrganized community efforts aimed at the prevention of disease and the promotion of health
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version