HIS-1200 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Peninsulars, Jasper, Woodhenge

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HIS 1200
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Tyler McFadden Unit 1 Part A Lesson 2-Colonization Notes
Spanish Colonies
Portuguese Colonies
Status in Europe at the time of
Colonization
Global empire with high
influence in European
affairs
Ushered modern global
era
Beginner of European
exploration, starter of
the Age of Discovery
Had prosperous North
African Islamic trade
center named Ceuta
Found gold to slaves in
Africa, spices in India,
and silk near China
Important contributions to
exploration
Locating American
continents and natives,
providing writings about
the land
Exploring South America
and Southern North
America
Establishing first colonies
in North America such as
St. Augustine
Began slave trade in
America
The lanteen sails of
caravel ships
Exploration of much of
Africa including the Cape
of Good Hope
Trade Routes to India
Discoveries from China
(modern compass, etc.)
Jupstartig the Age of
Discovery
Discovered Australia and
New Zealand for Europe
Expanded African slave
trade
Major Explorers
Christoffa Colon
(Christopher Columbus)
Fernando Cortes
Francisco Pizarro
Vasco De Gama, 1498
Bartolomeo Dias, 1487
Admiral Alfonso de
Albuquerque, 1510-11
Prince Henry the
Navigator
Geographic areas of settlement
in the New World
Latin America; present-
day Florida, California,
Nevada, Oregon,
Washington, and Texas
(Pacific-West Coast);
West Indies; present-day
Peru, Paraguay,
Uruguay, Colombia, and
Venezuela
North East South
America (mostly
present-day Brazil)
Relationship with the Native
Americans
Usually overthrew
natives and took their
Made into slaves to work
sugar mills, later
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Tyler McFadden Unit 1 Part A Lesson 2-Colonization Notes
land, enslaved, later
befriended by Roman
Catholic church, mixed-
raced children
(mestizos/mulattos)
born when Spaniards
and natives mated- they
had higher social status
than pure-blood natives
and black slaves yet less
than colonist of
European blood
(Creoles) or those from
the mother country
(Peninsulares)
replaced by African
slaves
Effect of Settlements on Europe
Influx of gold/silver in
Europe creating an
inflationary economy
(Price Revolution)
New products across
continents (Colombian
Exchange)
Higher rivalry with
English colonies,
Portugal, and others
Influx of gold/silver in
Europe creating an
inflationary economy
(Price Revolution)
New products across
continents (Colombian
Exchange)
Higher rivalry with
Spanish colonies and
others
Methods of Governing the
Colonies
Colonies divided into the
Viceroyalty of New Spain
(capital: Mexico city) and
Viceroyalty of Peru
(Capital: Lima)
Ruled by appellate
courts after 1527; direct
royalty control
Separated into individual
hereditary captaincies
governed by noblemen
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