Round 2.doc

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Department
Cultural Geography
Course Code
GCU 114
Professor
Daniel Hume

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Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 2: Tossups 1. The life of this son of Pepin the Short was recorded by Einhard. The Song of Roland tells of this ruler’s defeat by the Basques at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass. Later in his life, this man ruled jointly with his son Louis the Pious, whose three sons split this man’s empire in the Treaty of Verdun. This grandson of Charles Martel was crowned Emperor of the Romans on Christmas Day, 800 CE. For 10 points, name this king of the Franks. ANSWER: Charlemagne [accept Charles the Great or Carolus Magnus or Karl der Grosse] 2. One son of this god was a wrestler giant who could not be killed while standing on the earth, Antaeus. This god lost a contest for the patronage of Athens to Athena because her olive tree was more useful than his gift. This god created horses and was known as the “Earthshaker” for his role in causing earthquakes. His wife was Amphitrite, with whom he fathered Triton. For 10 points, name this brother of Hades and Zeus, the Greek god of the sea. ANSWER: Poseidon [accept Neptune until “contest” is read] 3. One character from this play says that “it is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing” after learning of another character’s death. Another character in this play says the line “out, damned spot!” while attempting to get rid of invisible bloodstains. The murders of Banquo and King Duncan haunt this play’s protagonist, who is beheaded by a figure “not born of man,” MacDuff. For 10 points, name this Shakespearean tragedy about the title Scottish king. ANSWER: The Tragedy of Macbeth 4. Apollonius’ theorem relates the lengths of these line segments to the side lengths. In a triangle, each of these line segments divides the area of the triangle into halves. Three of them always intersect at the triangle’s centroid or center of mass. In statistics, this term is also used to refer to the data point separating the higher half of a sample from the lower half. For 10 points, give this term for a line segment joining a vertex of a triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side. ANSWER: medians 5. This painter depicted onlookers peeking over a wall at a firing squad in his The Execution of Maximilian. He painted a bowl of oranges and two bottles of Bass beer in a work that also includes the feet of a trapeze artist in the upper left-hand corner. In one painting by this artist of Bar at the Folies- Bergère, a woman washes herself in a stream while a nude woman sits with two picnicking men. For 10 points, name this French Impressionist painter of Luncheon on the Grass. ANSWER: Edouard Manet 6. An overdose of one treatment for this disease causes cinchonism. A heterozygous advantage against this disease is conferred upon carriers of thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. This disease is carried by females of genus Anopheles, and it is caused by protists of genus Plasmodium. One of the first effective treatments of this disease was quinine. For 10 points, name this disease prevalent in sub- Saharan Africa, whose spread may be combated with mosquito nets. ANSWER: malaria 7. This man was selected as “Mr. Basketball” three times while attending St. Vincent – St. Mary High School. His first trip to the NBA Finals came in 2007, when his team was swept by the San Antonio Spurs, and he was the first reigning MVP since Moses Malone in 1982 to change teams. Sometimes called the “King,” this player famously “took his talents to South Beach”. For 10 points, name this basketball player who left Cleveland to join Chris Bosh and Dwyane Wade on the Miami Heat. ANSWER: LeBron James 8. This author collected Spanish legends in his short story collection Tales from the Alhambra. He wrote about the title character trading his soul for Captain Kidd’s treasure in “The Devil and Tom Walker.” This man also wrote of Brom Bones competing with a schoolmaster for the hand of Katrina von Tassel. He wrote another story about the title character’s 20-year nap in the Catskills. For 10 points, name this author of “Rip Van Winkle” who wrote of Ichabod Crane in “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.” ANSWER: Washington Irving 9. This holiday’s date relative to a certain full moon was established by the First Council of Nicaea. Converts to the Catholic Church are traditionally baptized during this holiday. Ascension Thursday occurs 40 days after this holiday, which occurs fifty days before Pentecost. This holiday marks the end of Lent and occurs on the Sunday following Good Friday. For 10 points, name this holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus, often associated with a search for brightly colored eggs. ANSWER: Easter 10. This man argued against the Two Penny Act in the Parson’s Cause. He refused to attend the Constitutional Convention because he “smelt a rat.” He won the Gunpowder Incident and proposed the Virginia Resolves in response to the Stamp Act. This man served as Virginia’s first colonial governor. For 10 points, name this man who proudly stated in the House of Burgesses, “Give me liberty, or give me death.” ANSWER: Patrick Henry 11. Officially, Jean Sibelius’s Finlandia is not one of these musical works, though Maamme is. Edward Elgar’s Land of Hope and Glory is considered an unofficial musical piece of this type. Francisco Franco wrote lyrics for “Marcha Real,” but Spain’s composition of this type is now officially wordless. One of these pieces was composed after the Battle of Baltimore by Francis Scott Key. For 10 points, name this type of patriotic song, such as the USA’s “Star Spangled Banner.” ANSWER: national anthems [prompt on partial answer] 12. According to Amontons’ second law, this phenomenon is independent of surface area. The “dry” type of this phenomenon is proportional to the normal force for a surface. It has different proportionality constants for its “static” and “kinetic” types. For an object traveling through a fluid, drag is analogous to this force. Lubricants work to reduce the effect of this force. For 10 points, name this force that acts against the motion of an object, often causing it to slow down. ANSWER: friction 13. This city’s tallest buildings lie in a path called the High Spine, and a string of parks around this city is known as the Emerald Necklace. Historic landmarks in this city include its namesake Athenaeum and Faneuil [“FAN-yul”] Hall. It was home to a megaproject that rerouted its main highway underground, known as the Big Dig. The Charles River separates this city from Cambridge, the home of Harvard University. For 10 points, name this largest city in New England, the capital of Massachusetts. ANSWER: Boston 14. One war fought in this country was ended by the Treaty of Vereeniging. This nation was home to a failed uprising known as the Jameson Raid, which took place in a territory called the Transvaal Republic. This country is home to the African National Congress, whose most famous leader was imprisoned on Robben Island for his opposition to apartheid. For 10 points, name this country that was once led by Nelson Mandela. ANSWER: The Republic of South Africa 15. In one critique, this author attacked Heart of Darkness as racist. One novel by this author features the Week of Peace, during which there is to be no conflict. That novel by this author features the proverb “when a man says yes, his chi says yes also.” This author of Arrow of God and No Longer at Ease is best known for a work whose protagonist commits suicide after returning to Umuofia. For 10 points, name this Nigerian author who created the character Okonkwo in his novel Things Fall Apart. ANSWER: Chinua Achebe 16. This is the number of gods of good luck in Japan, as well as the number of chakras in Hinduism. This is the number of times Cain will be avenged by God if he is murdered. In Judaism, this is the number of days allotted for mourning. Fortitude and fear of the Lord are among this many gifts of the Holy Spirit. Roman Catholics follow this many sacraments. For 10 points, name this number of virtues and deadly sins, which is also the number of days in a week. ANSWER: seven 17. One character in this novel observes the De Lacey family and later commits a murder that is blamed on the maid Justine Moritz. The same character later kills Henry Clerval and this novel’s protagonist’s wife, Elizabeth Lavenza, on their wedding night. In this novel, Captain Robert Walton finds the title character in the Arctic in pursuit of the eight-foot tall creature he had earlier created. For 10 points, name this novel by Mary Shelley about a monster created by the title cjaracter. ANSWER: Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus 18. The plaintiff in this court case had been appointed Justice of the Peace for Washington, D.C. The plaintiff requested a writ of mandamus to force the defendant to confirm a “midnight appointment” by John Adams before his presidency ended. It was ruled that the Supreme Court did not have original jurisdiction over this case, so this case declared the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional. For 10 points, name this 1803 Marshall Supreme Court case that established the precedent of judicial review. ANSWER: Marbury v. Madison [accept names in either order, prompt on partial answer] 19. This thinker argued for separation of church and state in A Letter Concerning Toleration. He described a child’s mind as a “tabula rasa,” or “blank slate.” This empiricist argued that a ruler’s power comes from a “social contract” which also gives the people the right to revolt against an unjust ruler. For 10 points, name this Enlightenment author of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding who argued for the natural rights of “life, liberty, and property” in his Two Treatises of Government. ANSWER: John Locke 20. This chemical element is produced in its pure form when sulfuric acid reacts with sucrose. The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for studying a one-atom-thick planar allotrope of this element. One isotope of this element is used to define the atomic mass unit and has mass number 12. Like silicon, an atom of this element usually forms 4 bonds. For 10 points, name this element, found in all organic compounds, with symbol C. ANSWER: carbon TIEBREAKER 21. This author wrote a biography of Lincoln subtitled for “The Prairie Years” and “The War Years.” One of his poems calls the title entity “Stormy, husky, brawling”. The title entity of another of his poems sits “on silent haunches” and comes “on little cat feet.” This poet wrote a work in which he describes the title city as “Stacker of Wheat” and “Hog Butcher for the World.” For 10 points, name this Illinois poet of “Fog” and “Chicago.” ANSWER: Carl Sandburg Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 2: Bonuses 1. This work sparked a riot at its 1913 premier in Paris. For 10 points each: [10] Name this ballet that depicts a virgin sacrifice in pagan Russia. Its first section is titled “Adoration of the Earth” and it was choreographed by Vaslav Nijinksy. ANSWER: The Rite of Spring: Pictures from Pagan Russia [or Le Sacre du Printemps] [10] This Russian composer of The Rite of Spring also wrote The Rake’s Progress and The Firebird. ANSWER: Igor Stravinsky [10] In Stravinsky’s ballet Petrushka, the title character is represented by a chord which fuses an F- sharp major triad and a triad of this major key, which has no sharps or flats in its key signature. ANSWER: C major 2. The two sides involved in this conflict met at the Battle of the Boyne. For 10 points each: [10] Name this removal of James II from the English throne in favor of a Protestant monarch. This conflict featured the last successful invasion of England. ANSWER: Glorious Revolution [accept Revolution of 1688, accept Bloodless Revolution; prompt on Willamite War or Jacobite War] [10] The Glorious Revolution resulted in the ascendancy of this Dutch king and queen to the English throne. ANSWER: William III of Orange and Mary II (Stuart) [prompt if only one name given; NOTE: DO NOT SAY Stuart if not given by answering team] [10] James II belonged to this royal house, which rose to power following the death of Queen Elizabeth
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