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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 5: Tossups 1. This nation gained its independence with the signing of the Treaty of Wuchale. Earlier, this nation had been the center of the kingdom of Axum. While ruled by the Derg, this country fought a civil war with Eritrean separatists. This nation’s troops repelled Italian forces at the Battle of Adowa, but it was nonetheless invaded by Benito Mussolini during the reign ofHaile Selassie. For 10 points, name this East African country with capital at Addis Ababa. ANSWER: Ethiopia 2. This man’s father, Aeson, lost the title of King of Iolcus to Pelias, who was told to beware of a man with one sandal. A daughter of Aeetes (EE-ee-tees) helped this man sow dragon’s teeth with two fire breathing bulls. This man then made the warriors that grew from the teeth kill each other. After getting engaged to Creusa, this man abandoned Medea. For 10 points, name this man who led the Argonauts on the quest for the Golden Fleece. ANSWER: Jason [or Iason] 3. In one novel by this author, the protagonist is killed “like a dog.” This author created Josef K., who is arrested for a crime he is never accused of, in his novel The Trial. This man wrote a novella in which the protagonist wants his sister Grete to go to a conservatory to play violin. This author created the character Gregor Samsa, who wakes up one day as a cockroach. For 10 points, name this Czech author of The Metamorphosis. ANSWER: Franz Kafka 4. This process is catalyzed by the enzyme complex zymase. It proceeds through acetaldehyde, which is then reduced to give this process’s final product. One form of this process regenerates NAD by reducing pyruvate. That form of this process occurs in muscle cells lacking oxygen and yields lactic acid. Another form of this process, which is similar to anaerobic respiration, is carried out by yeast to yield ethanol. For 10 points, name this metabolic process used in the production of bread and beer. ANSWER: fermentation [prompt on “anaerobic respiration” until mentioned] 5. This art museum houses Antonio Canova’s sculpture Psyche Revived by Cupid’s Kiss. This musuem’s Daru staircase is topped by the Nike of Samothrace. Another ancient Greek sculpture in this museum is the armless, bare-chested Venus de Milo. Da Vinci’s Madonna of the Rocks is housed in this museum, which is home to I.M. Pei’s glass pyramid. For 10 points, name this Parisian art museum that houses the Mona Lisa. ANSWER: Louvre Museum [or Musée du Louvre] 6. This poet asked “And you, Garcia Lorca, what were you doing down by the watermelons?” in his poem “A Supermarket in California.” One of this man’s poems describes “angelheaded hipsters” and describes hippies “starving hysterical naked.” That work also claims “Carl Solomon! I am with you in Rockland” and begins with the line “I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness.” For 10 points, name this Beat poet who wrote Howl. ANSWER: Allen Ginsberg 7. This nation’s exclaves include Melilla and Ceuta. The Meseta Central is a plateau in this country. Formentera and Ibiza are members of its Balearic Islands, which include Minorca and Majorca. Most of the Tagus River is in this country, while its city of Zaragoza lies on the Ebro River. This country is south of the Bay of Biscay and north of the Strait of Gibraltar, and its cities include Seville and Barcelona. This nation is separated from France by the Pyrenees. For 10 points, name this nation with capital at Madrid. ANSWER: Kingdom of Spain [accept Reino de España] 8. An ad for one candidate of this party featured a little girl plucking daisy petals before showing a nuclear explosion. This party’s pro-business faction was once known as the Bourbons. This party nominated William Jennings Bryan for president three times and was supported by the “Solid South.” This party’s losing candidates have included Michael Dukakis, Adlai Stevenson, and Walter Mondale. For 10 points, name this party of presidents Woodrow Wilson, Andrew Jackson, and Bill Clinton. ANSWER: Democratic Party [or Democrats] 9. In one opera by this composer, Violetta Valery leaves her lover Alfredo. Another opera by this man includes an aria describing the fickleness of women sung by the Duke of Mantua. That aria by this man, “La donna e mobile,” is sung is by a hunchbacked court jester. This composer depicted the love of the Egyptian captain Radames for the Ethiopian slave girl with whom he is buried alive. For 10 points, name this Italian composer of La Traviata, Rigoletto, and Aida. ANSWER: Giuseppe Verdi 10. This process can cause the mass wasting of a continental plate, resulting in isostatic uplift. This process can be accelerated by logging, grazing, and land cultivation. This process is caused by glaciers, wind, and water. This process occurs in tandem with weathering, and it is responsible for geologic features like the Grand Canyon. For 10 points, name this process by which soil and sediment are removed from their original environment and transported elsewhere. ANSWER: soil erosion 11. Characters in this novel include the housekeeper, Calpurnia, as well as the reclusive Boo Radley. In this novel, Mayella Ewell lies about the identity of the man who sexually assaulted her. Another character in this novel, Dill, was based on Truman Capote, the author’s childhood friend. Scout Finch’s father Atticus defends a black man falsely accused of rape in, for 10 points, what novel by Harper Lee? ANSWER: To Kill A Mockingbird 12. One group in this war held the Putney Debates and initiated Prides’ Purge. During this war, Thomas Fairfax served on the side that won the Battle of Preston and the Siege of Drogheda. Those who supported the Parliament during this conflict were Roundheads, while royalists were known as Cavaliers. The New Model Army won the Battles of Naseby and Marston Moor during this war. For 10 points, name this war in which Oliver Cromwell defeated Charles I. ANSWER: English Civil War [accept English Civil Wars; accept First, Second, or Third English Civil War; accept Wars of the Three Kingdoms; prompt on “Irish Confederate War” or “War of the Irish Confederation” or “Eleven Years’ War”] 13. This author created characters such as Tertius Lydgate, who is unhappily married to Rosamond Vincy, and Will Ladislaw, who cannot marry his love because of Edmund Casaubon’s will. Dunstant Cass steals the gold of one of this author’s protagonists; that character, a weaver from Raveloe, raises the child Eppie as his daughter. For 10 points, identify this female English author of Silas Marner who created Dorothea Brooke in Middlemarch. ANSWER: George Eliot [or Mary Anne Evans] 14. This work calls government a “badge of lost innocence” while discussing its nature as a necessary evil. This essay asserts that America “will always have a market while eating is the custom of Europe,” and argues against the English hereditary system and its monarchy. This work famously states that “there is something very absurd, in supposing a continent to be perpetually governed by an island” and calls for American independence from Britain. For 10 points, name this 1776 pamphlet by Thomas Paine. ANSWER: Common Sense 15. This letter is paired with W to denote the sex-determining chromosomes of birds. This letter denotes the atomic number of an element. In statistics, this letter names a standard score with respect to a population mean. In mathematics, this letter stands for the set of all integers. It is often used for the third dimension in a Cartesian coordinate system after X and Y. For 10 points, name this last letter of the alphabet. ANSWER: Z 16. The blind king John of Bohemia died during one battle in this war. This war began after the death of the last Capetian king and featured the defeat of Charles d’Albret at a battle whose course was swayed by the attacking power of English longbowmen. This war was fought between the Houses of Valois and Plantagenet and featured battles at Crécy and Agincourt. For 10 points, name this war between England and France that lasted over a century. ANSWER: Hundred Years’ War 17. This politician introduced H.R. 5616, the Light Bulb Freedom of Choice Act, and claimed that carbon dioxide is a “natural by-product of nature.” This politician and Paul Ryan gave responses to the 2011 State of the Union address, and, more recently, she founded the Tea Party Caucus. For 10 points, name this Republican Representative from Minnesota who is running for President in 2012 and recently won the Iowa Straw Poll. ANSWER: Michele Bachmann 18. One city in this nation provides the name of a quartet of novels by Lawrence Durell. One author from this nation retold the stories of the three Abrahamic religions in his novel The Children of Gebelawi. Sugar Street, Palace Walk, and Palace of Desire comprise a trilogy by Naguib Mahfouz, whose novel The Day the Leader was Killed mourned the death of Anwar Sadat, this country’s president. For 10 points, name this nation, the setting of The Alexandria Quartet and the Cairo Trilogy. ANSWER: The Arab Republic of Egypt [or al-Masr] 19. This man lends him name to fluids with constant viscosity. This man used a lens to show that white light is made up of a spectrum of colors. This discovered an inverse-square law stating that “force equals big G m one m two over r squared.” This deriver of the law of gravitation claimed that Leibniz stole his foundation ideas for a field of mathematics that involves integrals and derivatives. For 10 points, name author of the Principia Mathematica who invented calculus and developed three laws of motion. ANSWER: Sir Isaac Newton 20. This religion’s priesthoods include the Melchizedek and the Aaronic, and one of its important texts is the Pearl of Great Price. This religion holds that the Nephites were Israelite settlers in the Americas, and the last of them, Moroni, became an angel. This religion’s members believe that its foundational text was written in “reformed Egyptian” on golden plates and buried in a hill in New York. For 10 points, name this religion founded by Joseph Smith which was led to Utah by Brigham Young. ANSWER: Mormonism [or LDS Church; or The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints] TIEBREAKER 21. After this war, the Platt Amendment outlined American relations with a country occupied during it. John Hay called this conflict “a splendid little war.” During this war, Emilio Aguinaldo came out of exile, and Commodore George Dewey won the Battle of Manila Bay. This war’s Battle of San Juan Hill featured a charge by the Rough Riders. This war was fueled by Yellow Journalism after the explosion of the Maine. America gained the Philippines in, for 10 points, what 1898 war with the colonizer of Cuba? ANSWER: Spanish-American War Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 5: Bonuses 1. This novel begins with a plane crash-landing after attempting to escape a war zone. For 10 points each: [10] Name this novel about Piggy and a group of boys stranded on an island. In this novel, Ralph uses the conch shell to try to maintain order. ANSWER: Lord of the Flies [10] Lord of the Flies is a novel by this British author of the To the Ends of the Earth trilogy. This man wrote about the extinction of the Neanderthals in The Inheritors. ANSWER: William Golding [10] This character from Lord of the Flies is Ralph’s rival. He forms his own tribe at Castle Rock and sends that group to go steal Piggy’s glasses from Ralph’s camp. ANSWER: Jack Merridew [accept either] 2. One famous work in this medium shows the lower-class section of a steamer, for 10 points each: [10] Name this visual art form used by Alfred Stieglitz for The Steerage. Annie Leibovitz used this medium to create famous images of John Lennon for Rolling Stone. ANSWER: photography [accept clear-knowledge equivalents] [10] This photographer and developer of the zone system was a founder of Group f/64 and is most famous for his photos of Yosemite National Park and other parts of the American West. ANSWER: Ansel Adams [10] This American photographer snapped Migrant Mother while working for the Farm Security Administration during the Great Depression. ANSWER: Dorothea Lange 3. This period preceded the Great Depression and came after the Age of Progressivism. For 10 points each: [10] Name this period in American history marked by a soaring stock market, the rise of the flappers, and the emergence of jazz. ANSWER: Roaring Twenties [10] This president at the start of the Roaring Twenties promised a “return to normalcy” after World War One. The corrupt member
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