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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 8: Tossups 1. The protagonist of this work is granted safe passage through the underworld by the Golden Bough, and that protagonist later defeats Turnus. The hero of this epic descends into the underworld, where he sees the ghost of his father, Anchises. The title character of this work is the son of Venus and stays with but later abandons Dido, the Queen of Carthage. For 10 points, name this epic poem by Vergil whose protagonist is portrayed as the ancestor of the Romans. ANSWER: the Aeneid [accept “Aeneidos” or “Aeneis”] 2. This man composed the music to “Deutschland Uber Alles” for his Emperor string quartet, while another of his pieces includes a persistent ticking rhythm. This man wrote a symphony during which the musicians exit until only two violins remain, and another symphony of his features a sudden fortissimo chord that breaks a soft melody. For 10 points, name this Austrian composer of the “Farewell” symphony who included the “Clock” and “Surprise” in his London Symphonies. ANSWER: Franz Joseph Haydn 3. One of these creatures lived at Delphi and was killed by Apollo, while another guarded the cursed treasure of Andvari and was killed by Sigurd. In addition to Fafnir, one of these creatures named Ladon guarded the Garden of the Hesperides. Another one of these creatures belonging to Ares generated the Spartoi and was slain by Cadmus before he sowed its teeth in the ground and founded Thebes. For 10 points, name these reptiles that in European tradition have wings and breathe fire. ANSWER: dragons [accept serpents or snakes] 4. In the 1990s, this nation forced the relocation of the Marsh Arabs. After World War I, the British placed King Faisal I on this nation’s throne. The genocidal al-Anfal campaign occurred in this country and featured a poison gas attack on Halabja. This nation’s attempt to invade Kuwait sparked the Gulf War, and it was invaded by the “coalition of the willing,” led by the United States, in 2003. For 10 points, name this nation that was formerly led by Saddam Hussein. ANSWER: Iraq [accept al-Iraq] 5. Watt’s linkage uses three of these devices to increase a piston’s power. They create a mechanical advantage by increasing the effort distance, allowing a small force to be exerted at a large distance. These devices are categorized into three classes based on the placement of the applied force and the load. They consist of a rigid beam and a fulcrum. For 10 points, name this simple machine present in a see-saw. ANSWER: levers [prompt on “simple machines” before “three classes”] 6. This man created characters such as the Snopes family, members of which appear in his story “Barn Burning.” One novel by this author details the rise and fall of Thomas Sutpen, while another of his novels centers upon the Bundren family's quest to bury Addie in the town of Jefferson. For 10 points, name this American author who created Yoknapatawpha [yok-nuh-puh-TAW-pha] County and wrote As I Lay Dying as well as The Sound and the Fury. ANSWER: William Cuthbert Faulkner 7. Some members of this phylum have book lungs, pedipalps, and spinnerets. Barnacles are sessile members of this phylum, which also includes springtails and the book-eating silverfish. The first animals to possess true flight, members of this phylum have chitin-reinforced exoskeletons. This phylum’s name reflects the fact that all of its members have jointed legs. For 10 points, name this phylum of animals including arachnids, crustaceans, and insects. ANSWER: arthropoda or arthropods 8. One scholar from this period, Pico della Mirandola, was condemned by Pope Innocent VII. This period’s values were opposed during the brief reign of Girolamo Savonarola. The fall of Constantinople helped spark this period by bringing Greek learning to Italy. The development of perspective led to a revolution in art during this period, particularly in Medici-controlled Florence. For 10 points, name this “rebirth” of European culture following the Middle Ages. ANSWER: Renaissance [accept Italian Renaissance before “European”] 9. The protagonist of this novel stabs his love interest’s brother in Argentina, and later wanders into El Dorado with Cacambo. In another section of this novel, the Anabaptist Jacques is thrown overboard when the protagonist reaches Lisbon harbor and experiences an earthquake. Other characters from this novel include Dr. Pangloss, who frequently uses the phrase “best of all possible worlds,” and Cunegonde, the protagonist’s love interest. For 10 points, name this satirical novel by Voltaire. ANSWER: Candide: or, Optimism 10. In one work, this man introduced the idea of hamartia or a tragic flaw, while in another he defines eudemonia as the highest human good in answering the question “what is a good life?” This philosopher developed a logic of syllogisms in his Prior Analytics, and he served as tutor to a young Alexander the Great. For 10 points, name this Greek founder of the Lyceum and author of works such as Poetics and Nicomachean Ethics, whose thought dominated Europe for thousands of years. ANSWER: Aristotle 11. This river’s deepest area is found immediately following the McAlpine Locks and Dam. Tributaries of this river include the Wabash and the Kanawha [kuh-NAW], and it passes through Wheeling. Its only significant falls are in Louisville, and this river forms the southern boundary of its namesake state. This river is formed by the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers when they meet in Pittsburgh. For 10 points, name this largest tributary volume-wise of the Mississippi River. ANSWER: Ohio River 12. This program, which was denounced by Father Coughlin, included components that ended Prohibition. A blue eagle marked a part of this program which was struck down in Schechter v. United States, the NIRA. This program included funding for the Tennessee River Valley Authority and CCC. This program included the Social Security system in an attempt to stimulate the economy. For 10 points, name this economic program under FDR that aimed to end the Great Depression. ANSWER: New Deal [prompt on descriptive answers such as “FDR’s economic recovery program”] 13. One of this artist’s paintings shows a fish, two tigers, and a rifle bursting towards a sleeping woman. This artist depicted several floating birds whose reflections resemble large mammals. This artist of Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee and Swans Reflecting Elephants painted a work that shows ants swarming over an orange pocketwatch by a rocky seaside. For 10 points, name this Spanish surrealist painter who included melting clocks in his The Persistence of Memory. ANSWER: Salvador Dalí i Domènech 14. In one story from this work, the rooster Chauntecleer’s pride leads to his capture by a fox, while in the first story from this collection, Arcite and Palamon fight for the right to marry Emily. The stories of the Nun’s Priest and the Knight form part of a storytelling contest in this work begun at the Tabard Inn. Other storytellers appearing in this work include the Wife of Bath and the Miller. For 10 points, name this 14th century collection of stories told on a pilgrimage, written and narrated by Geoffrey Chaucer. ANSWER: The Canterbury Tales 15. This religion’s creation story involves a spear turning water and creating land from the water left on the spear. Though it’s not Buddhism, shrines sacred to this religion are entered through gates known as torii. One myth in this religion involves the sea god defeating an eight-headed serpent and finding the sword Kusanagi in its body. Deities in this religion, known as kami, include Izanagi, Susanoo, and Amaterasu. For ten points, name this traditional religion of Japan. ANSWER: Shintoism [or kami-no-michi or kannagara no michi; prompt on Japanese mythology or anything combining “Japanese” with a word for “religion”] 16. The dragon Campe was assigned to guard the Hecatonkheires [heh-kuh-tun-KAI-reez] and these creatures in Tartarus. Acis was killed by one of these creatures out of jealousy over the sea-nymph Galatea. That one was tricked by a man claiming his name was “nobody” and asked his father Poseidon to curse Odysseus; that one of these creatures was named Polyphemus. For 10 points, name these mythological giants whose most notable feature is their one eye. ANSWER: cyclops [or cyclopes, accept hecatoncheires before it is read] 17. This number equals the determinant of any equi-areal linear map. It is the genus of a torus and the number of sides in a Klein bottle. The first and second terms in the Fibonacci sequence both equal this number. This integer is the maximum possible value for a probability. It is the multiplicative identity and the only positive integer that is neither prime nor composite. For 10 points, name this integer between 0 and 2. ANSWER: 1 or unity 18. This character’s high school principal admitted he once threw a class presidency election in favor of Vance Conner to keep this character from winning, while in another appearance, he is persuaded by Gator McCall to work in Capitol City. He once opened his own snow plow business, called Plow King, but he is more famous for his work at Springfield Nuclear Power Plant. For 10 points, name this often inebriated father of Maggie, Bart, and Lisa and husband of Marge in a show titled for his family. Answer: Homer Simpson [prompt on Simpson] 19. This man acted as a mediator in the Anthracite Coal Strike. This president’s namesake corollary to the Monroe Doctrine extended imperialism over South America. This man won the Nobel Prize for his negotiation of the Treat of Portsmouth. This president ran unsuccessfully on the Bull Moose ticket in 1912 and led the Rough Riders. This president’s domestic policy was known as the “Square Deal.” For 10 points, name this 26th president of the US who served at the turn of the 20th century. ANSWER: Theodore Roosevelt [accept Teddy Roosevelt; prompt on “Roosevelt”] 20. One type of this procedure uses a helical spinning band. Standard forms of this process do not work on mixtures which do not follow Raoult’s Law, such as azeotropes. Theoretical plates are repeated vaporization-condensation cycles used in this process’s fractional variety. The production of alcoholic spirits and the extraction of fresh water from salt water are forms of this process. For 10 points, name this process of separating mixtures based on the differing boiling points of their constituent substances. ANSWER: distillation [accept fractional distillation before mentioned] TIEBREAKER 21. Resistance to this hormone is a symptom of polycystic ovary syndrome. Frederick Sanger won a Nobel Prize for determining its structure. It increases lipid synthesis and slows down gluconeogenesis. Produced in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans, this hormone acts against glucagon to increase the rate of glycogen synthesis, thus decreasing the blood sugar. For 10 points, name this hormone regularly injected by some diabetes patients. ANSWER: insulin Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 8: Bonuses 1. Gaia gave this deity a sickle to castrate his father, Uranus. For 10 points each: [10] Name this Greek god who devoured his own children so that they couldn’t overthrow him. ANSWER: Cronus [10] Cronus was part of this group of Greek gods, the children of Gaia and Uranus. This group of 12 gods also included Oceanus, Hyperion, and Rhea. ANSWER: Titans [10] The Titans were overthrown by this group of gods led by Zeus. This group of 12 deities was named for the mountain they ruled from. ANSWER: Olympians 2. He falls off a cliff when he fights his arch-nemesis James Moriarty in “The Final Problem.” For 10 points each: [10] Name this fictional detective who describes his conclusions as “elementary,” is assisted by Watson, and lives at 221B Baker Street. ANSWER: Sherlock Holmes [prompt on “Sherlock”] [10] Sherlock Holmes is the most notable creation of this Scottish author and physician. This author attempted to kill off Holmes but was forced to bring him back due to public outcry. ANSWER: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle [10] Sherlock Holmes appears in this novel in which he attempts to figure out the source of a family curse as he is helped by Dr. Mortimer and finds Selden killed by a mysterious, demonic canine. ANSWER: The Hound of the Baskervilles 3. A decade after the release of this song, it was attacked for allegedly “backmasking” satanic worship into the lyrics. For ten points each: [10] Name this 1971 song about a woman who is sure that “all that glitters is gold.” ANSWER: “Stairway to Heaven” [10] This English rock band, led by Jimmy Page and Robert Plant, wrote songs like “When the Levee
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