Round 10.doc

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Department
Cultural Geography
Course
GCU 114
Professor
Daniel Hume
Semester
Summer

Description
Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 10: Tossups 1. The Zohar claims that this text was created prior to the creation of the world, and in fact was the blueprint for Creation. Forming the first part of the Tanakh, it is known as the Pentateuch in Christianity and was supposedly revealed to Moses on Mount Sinai. Works that comprise this text include the Books of Genesis and Leviticus. For 10 points, name this five-part collection of writings central to Judaism. ANSWER: The Torah [accept Pentateuch until mentioned] 2. One novel from this country contains characters like Tyurin, the foreman and leader of the 104th Squad. That novel from this country is about inmates, or “zeks,” and focuses on a day in the life of a prisoner. In another novel from this country, the beautiful Lara is engaged to Antipov but is the love interest of the titular physician. For 10 points, identify this country in which the early 20th century novels Dr. Zhivago and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich are set, now known as Russia. ANSWER: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [accept “Russia” before mentioned; accept “USSR” or “Soviet Union”] 3. Glaciers in this mountain range include the Gangotri and Siachen, and the youngest portion of these mountains are the southern Sivalik Hills. This range's name means “abode of snow,” and the source of the Ganges River is located in it. The Karakoram range is an extension of this mountain range, and Nepal and Bhutan are in this range. Separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan plateau is, for 10 points, what Asian mountain range that includes K2 and Mt. Everest? ANSWER: Himalaya Mountains [accept Himalayas; accept Himalayan Mountain System; accept obvious equivalents that include Himalaya] 4. One form of this effect was observed in the first experiment to quantify time dilation. Redshift in receding stars is a consequence of the relativistic version of this effect, due to the relative motion between the light source and the Earth. This effect occurs when an observer is moving relative to a wave source, and causes apparent changes in frequency. For 10 points, name this effect that causes sirens to sound higher in pitch when an ambulance drives towards you. ANSWER: Doppler effect or Doppler shift [accept relativistic Doppler effect] 5. Aside from Ladon, this monster was the only mortal child of Phorcys and Ceto. Her sisters included Stheno and Euryale, and her sons included the giant Chrysaor, who was born when she was slain. Her head was later put on Athena’s aegis, and Ovid relates that she was turned into a monster because of her affair with Poseidon in Athena’s temple. For 10 points, name this Gorgon killed by Perseus, the most famous of a trio that had snakes for hair and turned all who looked at them into stone. ANSWER: Medusa 6. This man’s administration was nicknamed “Camelot.” His Attorney General was assassinated in the Ambassador Hotel and this man supported improved relations with Latin America with his Alliance for Progress. His death was investigated by the Warren Commission and he famously stated "I am a Berliner.” In addition to ordering the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, this man was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. For 10 points, name this president who dealt with the Cuban Missile Crisis. ANSWER: John F. Kennedy [accept JFK] 7. This thinker wrote in one work that amor fati, or love of one’s fate, was his “formula for greatness in a human being,” and included self-praising chapters like “Why I Write Such Good Books” and “Why I Am So Clever” in his autobiography. This author of Ecce Homo proposed the Übermensch in Thus Spoke Zarathustra, and argued that the “will to power” explains human behavior in Beyond Good and Evil. For 10 points, name this German philosopher who declared “God is dead” in The Gay Science. ANSWER: Friedrich Nietzsche 8. With ethanol, this substance forms a positive azeotrope that boils at 78 degrees C. This substance is a leaving group in the formation of disaccharides and dipeptides. It is amphoteric, and commonly produced in acid-base neutralization reactions. Due to its polarity, it forms hydrogen bonds and is used as a “universal solvent.” It is densest at 4 degrees C, just above its normal freezing point of 0 degrees C. For 10 points, name this chemical with formula H O.2 ANSWER: water [accept H O or 2ihydrogen monoxide before the end] 9. This man was described working on Chateau Gaillard during a rain of blood by William of Newburgh, and was falsely rumored to have ordered a massacre of London Jews. This man was killed with a crossbow while besieging Chalus-Chabrol castle, and fought with Henry the Younger King against their father. This king won the Battle of Arsuf and preceded King John. For 10 points, name this son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, a courageous English king who led the Third Crusade. ANSWER: Richard I [accept Richard the Lionhearted or Richard Coeur de Leon, prompt on “Richard”] 10. This poet wrote that “an aged man is but a paltry thing” in a poem which begins by noting that a certain location “is no country for old men.” This man also wrote a poem in which “a vast image out of Spiritus Mundi / troubles my sight” and questioned what “rough beast / slouches toward Bethlehem to be born” in that poem. For 10 points, identify this Irish poet of “Sailing to Byzantium”who wrote that “things fall apart; the center cannot hold” in his poem “The Second Coming.” ANSWER: William Butler Yeats 11. This artist depicted two angels holding a crown above the head of the Virgin Mary, who is writing in a book, in his Madonna of the Magnificat. In one painting, this artist depicted Mercury picking an orange while the three Graces dance. This artist of Primavera painted Flora throwing a robe over a goddess whom Zephyr propels in from the ocean on a seashell. For 10 points, name this Italian Renaissance artist of The Birth of Venus. ANSWER: Sandro Botticelli 12. During one of this state’s sieges of a Western capital, John III Sobieski was present. This empire had its capital at Sogut, Bursa, and Edirne, before conquering what became its most enduring capital in 1453. Rulers of this empire lived in the Topkapi Palace, and this empire lost a major naval battle at Lepanto. This empire employed an elite legion of bodyguards, the Janissaries. For ten points, name this state, whose famous Sultans included Mehmet the Conqueror and Suleiman the Magnificent. ANSWER: Ottoman Empire [accept Osmanli Devleti; prompt on “Turkey”; prompt on “Turkish Empire”] 13. One of these objects found in Norse mythology was made exclusively out of the nails of the dead. Another one called Hringhorni was owned by the Norse god Baldr and used as his funeral pyre. One of these objects in Egyptian mythology was used by Ra on his nightly trips to the underworld. Another of these objects found in Greek mythology was made of sacred oak and used by a certain group of heroes on their voyage to retrieve the Golden Fleece. For ten points, including the Argo, name these seagoing vessels? ANSWER: ships [accept boats or other equivalents] 14. These organisms’ salivary glands contain polytene chromosomes. Thomas Hunt Morgan used them to demonstrate that genes are found on chromosomes. Common deviations from the normal “wild type” phenotype include curly wings, yellow or sepia bodies, and legs in place of antennae. They are one of the most commonly used model organisms in developmental biology and genetics. For 10 points, name these winged insects attracted to overripe fruit. ANSWER: Drosophila melanogaster [accept fruit fly, prompt on just fly] 15. Characters from this work include the sorceress Circe [pronounced “kir-key”] and the sea-nymph Calypso. At the end of this work, its protagonist slays a band of suitors with a bow that only he can string. For his treatment of the Cyclops Polyphemus, this work’s title character is cursed by Poseidon to wander the seas for ten years after the Trojan War before reuniting with his wife, Penelope. For ten points, name this Greek epic poem about an Ithacan king, Homer’s sequel to the Iliad. ANSWER: the Odyssey [accept “Odysseia”] 16. This leader set up a government known as the Saló Republic, and he deposed King Zog I following his invasion of Albania. This leader’s rule saw the passing of the Acerbo Law and the Lateran Treaty. This leader of the Blackshirts came to power during the reign of Victor Emmanuel III following his 1922 March on Rome. This ally of Adolf Hitler was also referred to as Il Duce. For 10 points, name this Fascist dictator of Italy during World War II. ANSWER: Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini 17. In one LazyTown song, Stephanie claims “you know you can't be lazy” when creating a pretty one of these objects, and television shows depicting its artistic creation include The Next Great Baker, hosted by “boss” of this substance Buddy Valestro. A musical claim in Portal that “you just keep on trying till you run out of” this “delicious and moist” substance is rebuffed by an earlier wall scrawl alleging that this substance is “a lie.” For 10 points, name this dessert often presented on birthdays. ANSWER: cake [do not accept similar answers like “pastry” or modifiers like “birthday”; accept pretty cake before “pretty” is mentioned] 18. Quasars are found at the center of very old examples of these objects. The Small and Large Magellanic Clouds are examples of the “dwarf” type of these objects. The constellation Virgo contains many of the elliptical type of these extremely large, gravitationally bound groupings of stars. One named for Andromeda is about 2 million light years away from Earth. For 10 points, the Milky Way is a spiral type of what astronomical object? ANSWER: galaxy [accept Active Galactic Nuclei or AGN before “Magellanic”] 19. The protagonist of this novel runs away to become a pirate with Joe Harper. After witnessing the murder of Dr. Robinson, this novel’s protagonist testifies in defense of Muff Potter. That character eventually becomes trapped in McDougal's Cave with the murderous Injun Joe and his love interest, Becky Thatcher. For 10 points, name this novel about a friend of Huck Finn who tricks his friends into whitewashing a fence, a work by Mark Twain. ANSWER: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 20. This composer wrote a song cycle based on 24 poems by Wilhelm Müller entitled Die Winterreise. One composition in B minor by this man was published posthumously and features only two written movements. A piano quintet in A minor by this composer uses ascending sextuplets to represent the leaping of fish. For 10 points, name this German composer of the Trout Quintet whose Symphony No. 8 is nicknamed “Unfinished.” ANSWER: Franz Schubert TIEBREAKER 21. This man's presidency saw the passage of the Federal Reserve Act and the Clayton Antitrust Act. His presidency saw the Supreme Court case Schenck v. United States which upheld the Espionage Act. The Lusitania was sunk during his presidency. The slogan of this president’s reelection campaign was “he kept us out of war.” He put forth post-war ideas in his Fourteen Points, which included the idea of the League of Nations. For 10 points name this president who led the U.S. through World War I. ANSWER: (Thomas) Woodrow Wilson Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 10: Bonuses 1. This man wrote the book Six Crises and approved Linebacker II. For 10 points each: [10] Name this man, also known as “Tricky Dick,” who pushed for “Vietnamization” and took the U.S. off the gold standard. ANSWER: Richard Milhous Nixon [10] Nixon and Brezhnev oversaw this period of liberalization in U.S.-Soviet relations. It included the signing of SALT I and ended with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. ANSWER: detente [prompt on “relaxation,” do not accept or prompt on answers including “thaw”] [10] Nixon used this phrase to describe the large number of voters opposed to anti-Vietnam War demonstrations and the rise of 1960s counterculture. ANSWER: silent majority 2. The Castle of San Servando is depicted among rolling green hills in this paining. For 10 points each: [10] Name this landscape consisting of grey-hued buildings under a somber grey-and-black sky. It depcicts its artist’s adoptive hometown in Spain. ANSWER: View of Toledo [10] This Mannerist artist of View of Toledo also painted The Opening of the Fifth Seal. Originally from Crete, his real name was Dominikos Theotokopoulos, but the Spanish found that unwieldy. ANSWER: El Greco [10] This painting by El Grec
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