Round 11.doc

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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 11: Tossups 1. The special prosecutor for this event, Archibald Cox, was fired during the Saturday Night Massacre. A source called “Deep Throat” helped Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward release details about its scale. This event was orchestrated by a fundraising group for the 1972 election known as CREEP. It began with a break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee. For 10 points, name this scandal which led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon. ANSWER: Watergate scandal [accept “Watergate break-in” or equivalents before “break-in”] 2. This man’s “year of sorrow” included the death of his uncle Abu Talib and his wife Khadija. This man changed the name of the city of Yathrib to Medina, and his flight to that city is known as the Hijra. While meditating in a cave on Mount Hira, he saw the angel Gabriel, and his subsequent preachings are collected in the Hadith. For 10 points, name this man revered in the Islamic faith as the last prophet of God. ANSWER: Muhammad [accept Mohammad] 3. These objects are governed by a law whose continuum form sets the current density equal to conductivity times electric field. The strength of these devices is inversely proportional to cross- sectional area, and they dissipate power proportional to current squared. These circuit components are classified by a pattern of color-coded stripes. For 10 points, name these electrical components with strength measured in ohms, which oppose the flow of electrical current. ANSWER: resistors 4. This work begins with a somber melody played by eight cellos and four violas, and it also includes repetitive fragments of La Marseillaise [“mar-seh-YEZ”] to depict the Battle of Borodino. This piece ends with a triumphant chorus of “God Save the Tsar” accompanied by ringing chimes and cannon shots. For 10 points, name this overture that depicts fighting between Napoleonic France and Russia in the titular year, a composition by Pyotr Illyich Tchaikovsky. ANSWER: 1812 Overture [prompt on “Op. 49” or “Festival Overture”; “overture” not required after mention in question] 5. One author from this nation wrote a novel about William of Baskerville, who investigates murders in a Benedictine monastery; that work is The Name of the Rose. A playwright from this nation created the Father, the Stepdaughter, and Madame Pace in the play Six Characters in Search of an Author. Another author from this country wrote about his journey with Virgil through nine circles of Hell. For 10 points, name this country home to authors Umberto Eco, Luigi Pirandello, and Dante. ANSWER: Italy or Italia 6. This psychologist fought with Sigmund Freud over the nature of the libido, and the two split after the Kreuzlingen Gesture. This psychologist explored Gnostic mysticism in his Seven Sermons to the Dead, an excerpt from his long-hidden Red Book. His concepts of anima and animus refer to the female and male inner personalities, and this psychologist popularized the terms extravert and introvert. For 10 points, name this Swiss psychologist best known for his theories of archetypes and the collective unconscious. ANSWER: Carl Jung [pronounced “yung”] 7. This leader was attacked during the gukurahundi crisis, and he resisted the regime of Ian Smith before confiscating land from his nation’s white population when in power. This man’s nation adopted the American dollar one of many official currencies in 2009 as a response to widespread famine and hyperinflation. Those problems later forced him to sign a power-sharing deal with opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai. For 10 points, name this dictator from the ZANU-PF party who has led Zimbabwe since 1980. ANSWER: Robert Gabriel Mugabe 8. One character from this novel worships the mountain god Benamuckee, while another character from this novel sells the slave boy Xury to a Portuguese ship captain. The plot of this novel may have been influenced by the story of Scottish castaway Alexander Selkirk. The protagonist of this novel meets a Native American and names him “Friday” on the twenty-fourth of his twenty-eight years on a tropical island. For 10 points, name this novel by Daniel Defoe about a shipwrecked man. ANSWER: Robinson Crusoe 9. This river’s tributaries include the Drava and the Tisza [TEE-sa], and its largest seaport is at Galați [gahl-AHTS]. This river flows through the Iron Gate Gorge, which separates the Carpathian and Balkan mountains, before passing the Romanian Plain to its left. Beginning in the Black Forest and flowing into the Black Sea, for 10 points, name this second longest European river, which passes through the national capitals of Bratislava, Belgrade, Bucharest, and Vienna. ANSWER: Danube River 10. These substances can be cooled by throttling in the Joule-Thomson effect. Their solubility is proportional to partial pressure according to Henry’s law. These substances are governed by Gay- Lussac’s law and Charles’s law, as well as a namesake law stating that PV = nRT. Substances found in this phase at room temperature include N a2d CO . F2r 10 points, name this state of matter that exists at a higher temperature than solids and liquids. ANSWER: gases [accept ideal gases] 11. This case was upheld in Stenberg v. Carhart, and its companion case was Doe v. Bolton. In his dissent, Rehnquist claimed that the court had misinterpreted the 14th Amendment. A previous district decision cited Griswold v. Connecticut in support of the plaintiff. The final decision in this case relied heavily on the right to privacy and contraceptives, and the plaintiff in this case was Norma McCorvey. For 10 points, name this 1973 Supreme Court case that legalized abortion nationwide. ANSWER: Roe v. Wade 12. In one scene in this movie, Parker Selfridge reveals the existence of a vast mineral deposit, and in another scene, Tsu’tey reluctantly allows the main character to be called a Torak Mato. Miles Quaritch gives the protagonist a chance to walk again, and later, Neytiri shows him the Tree of Souls. For 10 points, name this 2009 James Cameron film about Jake Sully working with the Na’vi as the title blue- skinned creature, the highest-grossing film of all time. ANSWER: Avatar 13. The complex plane can be mapped to one of these figures named for Riemann. A coordinate system named for this figure specifies a point by angles denoted phi and theta in addition to the distance from the origin. Forces with symmetry described by this shape exhibit inverse-square laws. The shortest distance between two points on the surface of one of these shapes is along a great circle. The volume of this shape is four-thirds pi times the radius cubed. For 10 points, name this 3-dimensional analogue of a circle. ANSWER: spheres [do not accept “ball”] 14. This art movement’s name was coined by critic Louis Leroy. One painting by a member of this movement shows a mother washing a child's feet in a small tub. Mary Cassatt's The Bath is considered part of this movement, which also includes August Renoir’s Luncheon of the Boating Party and Degas’s depictions of ballerinas. For 10 points, name this art movement centered in late 19th century France whose name references an artist’s attempt to capture a fleeting moment. ANSWER: Impressionism 15. In one story in this work, the slave girl Morgiana saves her master’s life by pouring burning oil into large jars containing thieves. In another story from this collection, a character is carried away by a roc, and that character from this work relates his story to a porter of the same name in Haroun al-Rashid's Baghdad. This work, narrated by Scheherazade to delay her death, includes the stories of Ali Baba, Aladdin, and Sinbad. For 10 points, name this collection of Middle Eastern stories. ANSWER: One Thousand and One Nights or The Arabian Nights’ Entertainment [accept any title containing “nights” and either or both of “1001” and “Arabian”; do not accept individual stories] 16. Woronin bodies and Spitzenkörper are found in some of these organisms. One group of these organisms is characterized by the presence of basidia on the gill margins of their fruiting bodies. Mycorrhizae are symbiotic associations of these organisms with plant roots. They are composed of thread-like hyphae which form a mycelium, and they have cell walls composed of chitin. For 10 points, name this taxonomic kingdom that includes yeast, mold, and mushrooms. ANSWER: Fungi or fungus 17. This god mixed beer and red dye to stop one of his servants from destroying humanity. His secret name was hidden inside his body, but was discovered by Isis after she healed him following a snake bite. Two of this god’s servants were Sekhmet and Bast, both of whom were known as the “Eye of” this god. This god rode through the underworld every night, battling the serpent Apep, and this god is sometimes combined with Amun or Horus. For 10 points, name this falcon-headed Egyptian god of the sun. ANSWER: Ra or Re 18. In one early scene from this novel, its narrator attends lunch with a man who allegedly fixed the World Series named Meyer Wolfsheim. Near the end of this novel, the protagonist's love interest accidentally kills Myrtle in a car wreck, causing her husband George Wilson to shoot the title character in his pool. In this novel, the title character throws parties in West Egg and is infatuated with Daisy Buchanan. For 10 points, name this novel narrated by Nick Carraway, a famous Jazz Age work by F. Scott Fitzgerald. ANSWER: The Great Gatsby 19. This composer’s Sonata in B Minor has movements which represent characters from Goethe’s Faust. This composer created piano transcriptions of Beethoven’s symphonies. This composer dedicated his Faust Symphony to Hector Berlioz and wrote twelve Transcendental Etudes. This man composed a set of nineteen technically difficult piano pieces based on Hungarian folk music. For 10 points, name this piano virtuoso and composer of the Hungarian Rhapsodies. ANSWER: Franz Liszt 20. One speech by this man denounced the Doctors’ Plot. This man was head of the Ukraine, and he led his nation when Gary Powers was convicted of espionage for flying over it. While in his highest post, this man used armed force to put down Imre Nagy’s 1956 Hungarian Revolution. This man is most famous for a standoff with John F. Kennedy over his decision to situate his nation’s nuclear weapons near American shores. For 10 points, name this Soviet leader during the Cuban Missile Crisis. ANSWER: Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev TIEBREAKER 21. These mathematical entities can be analyzed using Descartes’s rule of signs. Orthogonal sets of these expressions include those named for Chebyshev, and differentiable functions can be approximated by ones named for Taylor. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra states that if one of these expressions has degree n, it has n roots. For 10 points, name these mathematical expressions consisting of a sum of powers of a variable multiplied by coefficients, an example of which is x + x + 1 (“x cubed plus x plus one”). ANSWER: polynomials or polynomial functions Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 11: Bonuses 1. One of his poems states that “She ruled in beauty o'er this heart of mine, / A noble lady in a humble home.” For 10 points each: [10] Name this Italian poet considered “the father of humanism.” He authored the collection Il Canzoniere and wrote an epic poem about the campaigns of Scipio called Africa. ANSWER: Petrarch [accept Francesco Petrarca] [10] Petrarch invented his own form of this type of 14-line poem, which differs from the Shakespearean form in its 8-6 stanza pattern. ANSWER: sonnet [10] Petrarch gave up his priesthood to write many poems about this woman, the love of his life, whom he desired but could not obtain due to her marriage to another man. ANSWER: Laura 2. This faith worships the Bab and its calendar consists of 19 months, each with 19 days. For 10 points each: [10] Name this faith, founded by Baha’u’llah in Persia, which preaches a unity of all religion and was famously led by Shoghi Effendi. ANSWER: Baha’i Faith [10] The Baha’i Faith is centered in the city of Haifa, the third largest city in this country. Before it was conquered by the Assyrians, its kings included David and Saul. ANSWER: Israel [10] Baha’i members believe that the universal religion is revealed through these divine messengers. Famous examples include Jesus, Abraham, Zoroaster, and Moses. ANSWER: Prophets 3. Puritan forces took power in this state following the Battle of the Severn. For 10 points each: [10] Name this current state that lies north of the Potomac River. This state’s original charter was granted to Lord Calvert. ANSWER: Ma
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