Big Ol' Chart.doc

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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

CONTENTS: Mega Chart, Analysis of Empires, Grip of Death Questions, Further Analysis... (comparison of religion and trade systems) Category Rome Han China Mauryans Guptas Persians Greeks Admin first the Roman Repulic emperor has the right to similar to Persia, local intelligence agency system of inspectors, constant conflict, each city- (it was founded by the rule (Mandate of Heaven-- provinces/districts had less pervasive than King’s Eyes, could prevent state had its own Senate after over he IS the son of god), royal officials (small Mauryans, position of rebellion/corruption with a government, Athens had throwing a tyrant king, local governments run by governments) kept governor of province small army, small democracy, Sparta had an Superbus) and then the the gentry, the middle order, collected taxes; often hereditary, had provinces ruled by satraps egalitarian society, city Senate (2 consuls from class officials, run on elaborate spy system; to “convince” people and officials, reporting states struggled for power, the rich class, 2 tribunes Confucian rights (loyalty, trade regulations on to follow its lead separately to the king tyrants often emerged from the poor), obedience, what is good goods; Pataliputra (theater state) Satraps hired based on followed by the empire for the state/family rather (capital), meanwhile, relationship to king (which was better for than the individual) flourished the most NEPOTISM. bigger territorial (centralized control) under commerce/trade), Augustus, conquered government tried to other peoples but didn’t incorporate moral oppress them, Augustus ethics of Buddhism had large bureaucracy to keep track of people, municipal aristocracies (mini governments), after Augustus rulers were “divine” Rulers not hereditary Economy/ based on based on agriculture/free link in interconnected heart of Indian Ocean resources: trade, traded within the Trade agriculture/free peasantry (heavy taxes on kingdoms, improved trade, coined money agricultural surplus, Nile Mediterranean, sea peasantry (heavy taxes agriculture), canals = routes by building for trade, monopolies to Red Sea canal, transport faster than land on agriculture), pax more trade access, wells and rest houses, in mining of standardized (proximity to sea anyways) romana fostered trade merchants grew in power, commissioners treated metals/salt, much of weights/measures/coinage, (safety of the markets), Silk Road/Indian Ocean visitors well, Buddhism revenue based on banking houses luxury items from Maritime System allowed spread along route, agriculture (25% tax), India/China filtered into for trade (silk = major trade regulations on artisan guilds Mediterranean, wealth commodity), wealth gum, dye, perfume, concentrated in cities concentrated in cities but pottery, drugs, huge tax but based on based on agricultural on agriculture agricultural workers workers Military endlessly expanded to expansion based on where soldiers, chariots, war military conquests primarily used diplomacy, lives in constant warfare create a “buffer zone,” settlement would be elephants, expanded the Gupta especially dealing with with EACH OTHER, citizens expected to easiest, chariots, cavalry Chandragupta Mauyra empire, but never as Greeks, mobilized army military based on hoplites, fight, and in return were RICE and Ashoka led series big as the Mauryan seized control and allowed had to return to tend fields given land, would of conquests, taking empire to expand (smaller after battles, hired defend camps and control of almost entire than, say, Sparta’s army) professional soldiers later create fortified positions South Asia on, invented catapult, allied against Persia (Delian League) Social patriarchal society, patriarchal society, women were treated women’s status elite women influenced women treated all right in Structure women had some legal Confucianism stated relatively fairly, had greatly declined with politics, but males still had Sparta, legally had rights rights, slaves were a husbands > wives, social legal rights, Buddhist an increase in military authority, most culturally and outspoken, expected to huge part of the divide in rural vs urban, society allowed women emphasis/male diverse empire be healthy, whereas in economy, used in all gentry emerged and some freedom control (lost rights); Athens women were kinds of manual labor, became local trusted women’s status heavily deprived of rights patron-client systems officials (had to pass increased as power for fairness, division examinations), Confucian increased between patricians and values emphasized in each plebeians grew very relationship two people large, equites (middle are either equal, or one is class) became superior and other is bureaucratic officials, inferior, stressed shared citizenship rights loyalty/obedience, growth with conquered peoples of merchant class (but less important due to Confucian values) Hierarchy peasants < peasants < merchants< peasants
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