Foundations Civilization Charts.docx

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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

Civilization Charts Greece Location/Impact of  Relatively resource poor-motivated trade Geography Government Systems  No centralized government with a polis  Sparta was a military state  Athens was originally a military tyranny  Became a democratic state with a assembly of free men Military  Hoplite army  Sparta was a military state with professional army, always ready for war  Athenian ship fleet of triremes that protected trade  Delian League of Military  Persian and Peloponnesian Wars Technology  Seafaring skills Economy  Agricultural based economy  Athenian had extensive Mediterranean trading system Status of Women  Status varied  Spartan women were not oppressed because they needed to have strong babies  Athens was opposite, patriarchal marriage with underage women and overage men  Women and men were separated and women were confined Culture  Athens valued:  Education  Human Individual rights  Emphasized use of logic  Polytheistic religion with many major deities Persia Location/Impact of  Moist area allowed agriculture Geography  Laborers built and maintained irrigation systems Government Systems  Ruled by King  Provinces were ruled by Sattraps  Law of Kings-believed all people worked together Military  Infantry and navy, cavalry Technology Economy  Traded crafted goods and minerals Status of Women  Used as pawns to gain power  Were influential, owned property, traveled, participated in festivals Culture  Zoroastrianism was spread but not very appealing  King’s art suggested people worked together Rome Location/Impact of  Rome’s Mediterranean Empire was centered around Rome Geography  Navigable Rivers  Enough arable land with fertile volcanic soil Government Systems  Roman Senate consolidated power  Two consuls controlled senate  Inequality of patricians vs. plebians  Patient-client relationship ex; senator provided legal advice and representation, loans. client supported in battle and politics  Augustus forms the Roman Principate by allying with equities and was a benevolent dictator  Investors stole land from peasants by manipulation  There were not enough workers or soldiers  Provincal governors Military  Military siege and ballistic weapons  Overwhelming number soldiers because all men were subject to military service allowed sheer numbers to win battles  Attack strategy was similar to hoplites but were supplied into separate units  Heavily disciplined Technology  Aqueducts to carry water  Invented concrete  Military siege and ballistic weapons Economy  Agricultural based economy  Trade and commerce  Glass metalwork, pottery, and other fine manufactured products Status of Women  Were always children in the eyes in of the law  Unable to own property  Had personal protection and economic freedom  Wives of the emperors were self assertive Culture  Christianity  Romanization-spread their culture  Frescos  Rich had large houses with baths, theaters China Location/Impact of  South can support rice farming Geography  2+ harvests a year Government Systems  Hierarchy derived from Confucianism  Other governments used totalitarianism  Monarchy came from Mandate of Heaven  Determined to el
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