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ch. 31

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Arizona State University
HST 101
Tom Wang

WHAP Chapter 31 Pre-Test Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that best answers the question or completes the statement. 1. Joseph Stalin’s goal was to: a. return the country to an agrarian society b. turn the USSR into an industrial nation c. enrich individual members of society d. end societal violence 2. Stalin’s First Five-Year Plan stressed: a. increases in electricity and heavy industries b. production of consumer goods for export c. acquiring colonies to protect the Soviet economy d. decentralized control and economic incentives 3. The Soviet Union paid for the First Five-year Plan by: a. squeezing the peasants b. borrowing heavily from Western nations c. creating a new middle class d. seizing neighboring territories 4. Over _____ kulaks were arrested, some were executed, and the rest starved to death in gulags: a. 150,000 b. 1 million c. 4 million d. 8 million 5. Soviet collectivization of agriculture was intended to instill in peasants: a. a petty bourgeois attitude b. Western attitudes toward agriculture c. fear and gratitude toward the government d. an urban-industrial way of life 6. The reaction to collectivization of the better-off peasants, or kulaks, was to: a. refuse to recognize the collectives b. burn their crops and kill their livestock c. attack the poorest peasants d. acquire more land and become more prosperous 7. Stalin’s Second Five-Year Plan: a. was more successful in agriculture than industry b. was drastically changed by the rise of Hitler c. raised rural Soviet people’s living standard d. finally increased production of consumer goods 8. The Soviet military leadership in the 1930s was: a. the strong point of the Red Army b. insulated from the purge c. dangerously weakened d. the group most loyal to Stalin 9. As a result of the Stalinist terror, Soviet women: a. found themselves in more repressed roles b. were expected to work only in farm collectives c. entered jobs and careers previously closed to them d. found their roles in society unchanged 10. The stock market crash of 1929 turned into: a. the deepest, most widespread depression in history b. an economic boon to the “common man,” as he was now able to afford stock c. a minor depression followed by an economic recovery d. a “limited” depression in some countries, but not most Western countries 11. Which two countries were particularly hard hit by the Depression? a. England and Japan b. Japan and Germany c. France and Germany d. England and France 12. The result of the Smoot- Hawley tariff in 1930 was: a. decreased exports and crippled world trade b. protection for the American rubber industry c. a resurgence in the stock market d. concessions by foreign governments 13. Nationalists during the Depression yearned for autarchy, which was defined as: a. reopening trade with other nations b. self-sufficiency and economic independence from the world economy c. removing crippling economic tariffs d. developing trade with dependent colonies only 14. The effect of the Depression on nonindustrial nations was: a. not as bad as on industrial nations b. much worse than on industrial nations c. very uneven d. nonexistent, for the Depression did not affect those countries 15. The South African economy boomed during the Depression because: a. it was based on agriculture, not industry b. it was not part of the world economy c. the Depression made gold more valuable d. it was exploited as a colony 16. Italy’s fasci di combattimento initially comprised mainly: a. radical politicians and hired thugs b. conservative politicians and the military c. disgruntled workers and socialists d. unemployed veterans and violent youths 17. Benito Mussolini became the Italian prime minister: a. by receiving the support of the pope b. after threatening to march on Rome c. after a brief but bloody takeover d. by popular election of parliament and the people 18. Adolph Hitler’s first attempt at gaining power in Germany came in: a. 1919 b. 1924 c. 1930 d. 1934 19. Hitler’s “master race” of Aryans included: a. Germans and Italians b. Germans, Austrians, and Russians c. Germans and the French d. Germans, Scandinavians, and Britons 20. Hitler’s popularity came in large part from the German people’s belief: a. that he was a religious, as well as political, leader b. that the German Communist Party should rule Europe c. that economic well-being outweighed a loss of liberty d. all of the above 21. Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles in 1935 by: a. creating an air force b. invading Czechoslovakia c. annexing Austria d. taking back German territory in Alsace-Lorraine 22. Italian intentions became clear in 1935 when: a. Mussolini invaded Ethiopia b. Germany and Italy signed a treaty c. Italy ended diplomatic relations with Britain d. Mussolini first sent military aid to
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