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ch 20

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HST 101
Tom Wang

WHAP Chapter 20 Pre-Test Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that best answers the question or completes the statement. 1. Tobacco was introduced in the Americas by: a. the Dutch b. the English c. the Spanish d. Tobacco was indigenous to the Americas 2. Sugar cane was first grown in the West Indies shortly after: a. 1500 b. 1575 c. 1650 d. 1725 3. Sugar cane became more important to the West Indian economy after 1640 because: a. tobacco-growing was no longer profitable b. it supplied work for underutilized slaves c. sugar cane could not be grown anywhere else d. no other crops could be grown there 4. The Dutch West India Company was chartered in the year: a. 1602 b. 1621 c. 1673 d. 1701 5. In 1600, who was the world’s leading sugar producer? a. Virginia b. Barbados c. Brazil d. India 6. What crop replaced tobacco in importance in seventeenth-century Barbados? a. Sugar b. Jute c. Cotton d. Indigo 7. Caribbean slavery was primarily driven by: a. political forces b. economic forces c. racial prejudice d. psychological motives 8. In the Carribean, indentured servants cost ____________ as slaves. a. twice as much b. three times as much c. half as much d. approximately the same 9. Saint Domingue is currently known as: a. Haiti b. Puerto Rico c. Cuba d. Dominica 10. In the eighteenth-century who was the greatest sugar producer in the Atlantic world? a. Saint Domingue b. Puerto Rico c. Cuba d. Dominica 11. A by-product of sugar manufacture was: a. wicker b. lye c. molasses d. soap 12. Environmental damage to sugar plantations was caused by: a. the disposal of used canes b. soil exhaustion c. supplying power for the mills d. overfertilizing the fields 13. On most islands, the percentage of slaves in the population was: a. 35 percent b. 55 percent c. 75 percent d. 90 percent 14. Men outnumbered women on Caribbean plantations because: a. twice as many men were imported b. men lived much longer than women c. women were not as strong as men d. women were more susceptible to disease than man 15. Eighteenth-century Caribbean society can be described as: a. a large slave class and a small class of masters b. a large slave class and a large indentured servant class c. a small slave class and a large bureaucracy d. none of the above 16. “Drivers” were typically: a. white indentured servants b. white overseers c. free black overseers d. male slaves 17. Plantation slaves were motivated to work hard: a. to earn extra wages b. because they were promised freedom c. to escape punishment d. because they were rewarded with extra food 18. During “seasoning,” ____________________ percent of new slaves died. a. 10 b. 25 c. 33 d. 50 19. Life expectancy for nineteenth-century Brazilian male slaves a. 10 years b. 23 years c. 39 years d. 50 years 20. Most slaves died of: a. poor nutrition b. disease c. overwork d. execution 21. The highest numbers of free blacks in the Americas in the late eighteenth century were in the: a. Spanish colonies b. Portuguese colonies c. English colonies d. French colonies 22. The greatest stock market of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was a. New York Stock Exchange b. London Stock Exchange c. Amsterdam Stock Exchange d. Paris Stock Exchange 23. To reduce the risks of overseas trading companies: a. built larger ships b. brought insurance c. created the capitalist system d. formed coopera
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