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HST 101
Tom Wang

WHAP Chapter 24 Pre-Test Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that best answers the question or completes the statement. 1. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, the population grew because of: a. reliable food supplies and widespread resistance to disease b. the introduction of rice and kale into the European diet c. the migration of Africans into Europe d. all of the above 2. The result of the population explosion was migration: a. from the city to the country b. from the country to the city c. from Europe to the Americas d. both b and c 3. The Agricultural Revolution was a change in farming methods and crops that resulted in: a. rich farmers sharing agricultural techniques with poor farmers b. rich farmers refusing to plant on their lands, thereby causing a famine c. rich farmers “enclosing” their lands and poor farmers becoming landless d. all of the above 4. In rural areas manufacture was carried out through the “putting out” system, which was: a. a factory owner “putting out” his workers to work in other factories b. merchants delivering raw materials to craftspeople and picking up the finished product c. merchants and factory owners collaborating to “put out” a lower wage d. the process of manufacturing silk and cotton textiles together 5. Britain had a head start on the Industrial Revolution because: a. it was the world’s leading exporter of tools, guns, hardware, and other crafts b. it had the largest merchant marine c. it was highly commercial, and many people were involved in production and trade d. all of the above 6. Aware that Britain had a head start, other countries of Europe: a. eliminated internal tariff barriers and opened technical schools b. initiated wars with Britain to protect markets c. began using Chinese mass production methods d. all of the above 7. Josiah Wedgwood’s innovations in porcelain were made possible by: a. abusing and overworking his workers b. copying techniques used in Delft, Holland c. using mass production methods d. painstaking and skillful artisans 8. The largest industry of this period and the first mechanized product was: a. cotton cloth b. silk textiles c. woolen textiles d. linen textiles 9. England began importing raw cotton because: a. the wool lobby banned importation of cotton cloth b. there was no other source of cheap clothing c. it badly needed the raw material for its mills d. its export was stopped by other countries 10. Among the new inventions developed to weave cotton textiles was: a. the steam engine b. the spinning jenny and the water frame c. the power loom and the thread “genie” d. the printing press and the iron “foot” 11. Iron production was transformed by Abraham Darby’s discovery that: a. machines could do the work of hammering the iron better than humans b. mills operated with hydroelectric power produced stronger iron c. coke could be used in the place of charcoal in the smelting process d. none of the above 12. An example of the enormous quantities of iron produced and novel applications of it was the huge greenhouse made entirely of iron and glass: a. the London Bridge b. the George Washington Bridge c. the Crystal Palace d. the Buckingham Palace 13. The most revolutionary invention of the Industrial Revolution was James Watts: a. cotton gin b. steam engine c. saddle d. bicycle 14. Oceangoing ships initially did not use steam power because: a. coal was too expensive for long voyages b. they could not carry enough coal for a voyage c. steam engines tended to explode at sea d. it was too expensive to produce 15. The revolution in transportation was best represented by the: a. railroad b. airplane c. oxen and cart d. chariot 16. Continental European industries such as iron and machinery were stimulated by: a. first building a railroad network b. stealing the plans of British industries c. using skilled English workers and machines d. all of the above 17. What invention revolutionized communication during the Industrial Revolution: a. the “walkie-talkie” b. radar c. the electric telegraph d. the battery 18. What impact did transportation and communication inventions have on the world? a. contact made the world a much “smaller” place b. contact created global conflict c. contact increased famine in Asia and Africa d. all of the above 19. The most dramatic environmental change caused by the Industrial Revolution was: a. the movement of population to the countryside b. the growth of urban populations c. relatively high incomes among the poorer classes d. the availability of drugs in the urban areas 20. Although many people prospered, the urban poor live
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