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HST 101
Tom Wang

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WHAP Chapter 26 Pre-Test Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that best answers the question or completes the statement. 1. Internal pressures in Africa between 1750 and 1870 resulted in: a. the acceptance of Christianity as the official religion b. the creation of new states c. Africans returning to hunting and gathering d. new alliances with Malaysian and Australian states for military protection 2. The Nguni peoples of southeastern Africa traditionally had pursued a life based on: a. the Atlantic slave trade b. mining and mineral wealth c. cattle and agriculture d. hunting and raiding 3. The Zulu kingdom arose primarily from: a. centralized African defense against the British b. internal conflicts over grazing and farm lands c. individuals brought to power by the Portuguese d. conflicts over hunting lands and the gold rush 4. The most powerful and most feared fighters in southern Africa were: a. the Zulu b. the Egyptians c. the Ethiopians d. the Algerians 5. The kingdom of Lesotho was created: a. as labor camps to benefit the British b. to protect their peoples from the Dutch c. by attracting refugees from Zulu raids d. originally as “paper” states that did not exist 6. The Zulu succeeded in creating: a. a new national identity b. a new system of writing c. a new economic system based on cowrie shells d. none of the above 7. The consolidation of West African states, such as the Sokoto Caliphate, was inspire by: a. Buddhism b. the slave trade c. Christianity d. Islam 8. Muhammad Ali’s creation of modern Egypt was shaped by the shock of: a. the invading Ottoman armies b. encountering the Industrial Revolution c. Napoleon’s occupation of Egypt d. Portuguese raids deep into the Red Sea area 9. How did Muhammad Ali modernize Egypt? a. By using European advisors and experts b. By creating a modern military and administration c. By reform landholding to increase agricultural production d. all of the above 10. Egyptian modernization was paid for by: a. expanding into weaker neighboring states b. fighting for the British in return for money c. encouraging peasants to grow cotton for export d. mining, primarily of silver 11. Despite the fact that Egypt’s modernization made it the strongest state in the Islamic world: a. Egypt fell into debt to Europe b. Egypt could not compete with the Sokoto Caliphate c. the Egyptian military lost many battles in Algeria d. Egyptian printing was never up to European standards 12. After the consolidation of Ethiopia, the Emperor Tewodros made ________ a top priority: a. educational reform b. economic reform c. the purchase of European weapons and local production of weapons d. an alliance with Portuguese settlers 13. The French invasion of Algeria was originally a result of: a. a Frenchman slapping the Algerian ambassador b. Algerians taking French officials hostage c. the French wanting to plunder Algerian wealth d. a dispute over the French government not repaying Algerian loans 14. In addition to military intrusion into Africa, European explorers were peacefully: a. investigating African geographic mysteries and assessing African trading potentials b. trying to build a new foundation for the slave trade c. doing research fro new encyclopedias on tropical regions d. looking for ancient ruins and burial sites to fill European museums 15. Why did the slave trade end? a. Slave revolts b. Humanitarian reform movements c. The plantation system became self sufficient d. Both a and b 16. Ironically, the British were the world’s greatest slave traders and later: a. became the most aggressive suppressers of the slave trade b. reopened the slave trade with the Asante c. interfered with the French treatment of their slaves in Saint Domingue d. replaced factory workers with African slaves 17. Africans wanted European manufactured goods, so when the slave trade ended: a. Africans satisfied their demand for goods by developing indigenous manufacturing b. Africans expanded their trade by developing new exports c. Africans learned to manage without European goods d. Africans were never able to afford European goods 18. The most successful export from West Africa after abolition was: a. palm oil b. gold c. ivory d. lumber 19. The spread of Western cultural influences in West Africa was due in large part to: a. mission churches and schools in Sierra Leone and Liberia b. British traders, traveling deep into Africa c. mass conversions of Africans to Christianity d. powerful European military forces 20. Eastern African states are referred to as “secondary empires” because they were: a. created by Arabs and Africans who had close trading relations with European trading empires b. much smaller than ordinary empires c. not run as efficiently as most empires d. all of the above
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