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ch. 12

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Arizona State University
HST 101
Tom Wang

WHAP Chapter 12 Pre-Test Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that best answers the question or completes the statement. 1. Cultural differences among American peoples are: a. due to racial differences and backgrounds b. due to religious differences c. due to environmental and climatic variations d. relatively arbitrary and unexplainable 2. Classic period civilizations in Mesoamerica were built on the political foundation of? a. Olmec b. Moche c. Inca d. Anasazi e. Aztec 3. Mesoamerican classic-period political and cultural innovations were based on: a. new technology b. new crops c. the ability of elites to control laborers and soldiers d. the domestication of new draft animals e. the use of slave labor 4. The largest city in the Americas in 450-600 was: a. Cuzco b. Teotihuacan c. Tula d. Chan Chan e. Machu Pichu 5. Quetzalcoatl was: a. the rain god b. the feathered serpent god c. a Teotihuacan king d. a Teotihuacan war chief e. the war god 6. Chinampas were floating gardens: a. that allowed domesticated animals to eat grain crops b. that allowed year-round farming and population growth c. that supplied flowers for the botanical gardens d. that provided the landscaping of apartment buildings e. only for the enjoyment of the royal family 7. The housing of common people in cities can be described as: a. mounds b. pueblos c. yurts d. apartment-like stone buildings e. none of the above 8. Teotihuacan was a commercial and religious center that: a. provided a basis for elite wealth and status b. attracted pilgrims c. provided approval for elite status d. All of the above 9. Teotihuacan was ruled by: a. an alliance of elite families b. an elected “overseer” c. an absolute monarchy d. a civil bureaucracy e. the common people 10. The Maya were organized in: a. rival kingdoms or city-states b. separate cultural entities c. a unified political system d. a single ruler state e. farm collectives 11. Maya monumental architecture took advantage of: a. wheel barrows b. metal tools c. pulleys d. none of the above e. all of the above 12. In the classic era, Maya military forces primarily fought to secure: a. captives b. territory c. wealth d. water e. slaves 13. How did the Maya meet the challenges of the environment? a. They invented astroturf b. they secured foreign lands for rice cultivation c. they drained swamps and built elevated fields d. they invented a process for purifying salt water e. they became nomads. 14. What was the role of Maya women? a. They were the preferred sacrificial victims b. they were ruled by a matrilineal hierarchy of queens c. they played important political and religious roles in public ceremonies d. they were responsible for choosing all the seeds e. they held important political positions in their communities 15. Maya contributions include: a. clock b. calendar c. crossbow d. water wheel e. plow 16. Maya contributions to mathematics include: a. pi b. fractal geometry c. iterated algorithm d. the zero and place value e. All of the above 17. The accomplishments of the Toltecs were primarily: a. religious and cultural b. political and military c. agricultural and technological d. artistic and literary e. religious and military 18. The Toltecs’ capital city was
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