[PAF 340] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (13 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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PAF 340
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Chapter 1 - What is Public Policy?
The Experts
“The sum of government activities, whether pursued directly or through agents, as those
activities have an influence on the lives of citizens”
“Who gets what, when, and how?
“Placing an issue on the government agenda and deciding what to do about the issue”
“The study of government decisions and actions designed to deal with a matter of public
concern
But. . .
Non-governmental organizations and private organizations participate in administering
and deciding public policy
Residents, foreigners, and others not granted citizenship status are also affected by policy
Definition may change substantially depending on context
“I know it when I see it”
Policy Instruments and Tools
Services Public Education
Law The Voting Rights Act, immigration quotas
Money Social Security
Taxes Earned Income Tax Credit, Healthcare mandate
Loans Student loans, FHA mortgage
Suasion Foreign policy
Other economic instruments Insurance
The Context of Public Policy
Public Policy
o Politics
o Participation
o Pragmatism
o Diversity
o Market
o History
Context Matters!
How conservative/liberal is the nation/state/city?
o Good policy and/or good politics
What works?
o Incrementalism
o Best Practices
The market
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o Inequality
o Efficiency
Diversity
o The melting pot/salad bowl
History
o “American Exceptionalism”
o “City on a Hill”
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