Anthropology Exam 1 Key Terms 9/23/2013 11:56:00 AM
1. Anthropology: the holistic study of humankind that searches for
interrelationships among all the parts of its subject.
a. Seeks to understand how all the aspects of our species are related.
2. Hutterites: a Christian religious sect founded in Moravia in 1528 by
people from southern Germany and Austria.
a. Shunned infant baptism
b. Advocated church free from state
c. Considered Anabaptists
d. Similar to Amish people.
e. Nonconformity in their belief in communal living and ownership
f. Genetically isolated population that rarely has any new genes
introduced and mostly only breeds with those in their own colony.
g. Average family has 10 children
3. Artifact: any object that has been consciously manufactured
4. Biocultural Perspective: focusing on the interaction of Biology and Culture
5. Cultural relativity: studying another culture from its point of view without
imposing our own cultural values.
1. Induction: the process of developing a general explanation from specific
a. First, information must be gathered, observed, and analyzed.
i. Data must be real and tangible
ii. A hypothesis must be built on existing data
b. Second, the hypothesis must be testable using new data,
combinations, and interpretations of the data.
2. Deduction: suggesting specific data that would be found if a hypothesis
a. Look for repetition, universality, explanation for exceptions, and
3. Theory: a general idea that explain a large set of factual patterns.
a. A theory is made up of interacting and well-supported hypotheses
b. Coordinates, explains, and interprets a wide range of factual
patterns i. Ex. Theory of gravity, relativity, and evolution
4. Indigenous: native, refers to a group of people with a long history in a
5. Pseudoscience: Scientific ideas that are taken on faith without evidence to
support them or are shown false when tested.
a. Ex. Phrenology
1. Evolution: the idea that species change over time and have common
2. Fossils: Remains of past life-forms
a. Previously fossils were believed to be the remains of deformed
b. Law of super-positioning: Strata represents a series of events,
lower levels of dirt being older than the higher layers
3. 9/23/2013 11:56:00 AM
Study words for 1st exam:
Acheulian tools: Most famous was the hand axe (symmetrical, edged,
pointed, and bifacial). These were mostly made of stone.
Allele: a specific gene that represents a trait
Anthropology: Holistic study of humankind and the changes they go through
Arboreal: lives in trees
Artifact: a material human made object that represents a previous era of life
Australopithecus: first definite hominoid. Robust and gracile
Bosei: robust, From East Africa
Bergmens and Allens rules: Bergman’s is you have a fatter body in cold and
thinner in the heat. Allen’s is animals in colder have short limbs and in hotter
Bipedal: walks on two feet
C. Darwin: natural selection
Cephalic index: differen