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BIOL 1020 Study Guide - Spring 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Hydrogen Bond, Electronegativity, Dna


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL 1020
Professor
Hallowell
Study Guide
Final

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BIOL 1020

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BIOLOGY 1020
CHAPTER 1
January 9, 2018
What is science?
- Based on systematic thought process
- Deductive reasoning
- General to specific
- Summarize the information
- Draw conclusions from the information
- Inductive reasoning
- Specific to general
- Make several specific observations
- Draw conclusion from observations
- Scientific method
- Summarize existing observations
- Make sure you are an expert on the subject
- Think of ALL possible observations
- Think of past observations
- Make a testable model (hypothesis)
- Often more than one hypothesis is made
- Explains existing observations
- Makes predictions that CAN be tested
- Know the difference between hypothesis, law, and
theory
- Test your model
- More observations are made to test correctness of
hypothesis
- Where experiment is possibly conducted
- Experimental - conditions are controlled or manipulated
- Collect observations and data from treatment / control
groups
- Revise your model as needed
- Compare data from treatment and control groups
- Does the data support or refute the hypothesis?
- Often use statistics to interpret results
- Data should provide evidence to either reject or support
the hypothesis (never prove)
- Repeat
- Caveats
- Scientific models can ONLY be proven false
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