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[HIST 150] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (23 pages long!)


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 150
Professor
Ed Krzemienski
Study Guide
Final

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Ball State
HIST 150
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Kaitlyn Johnston
HISTORY 150
EXAM 3
New World
Scientific Revolution
Hierarchical/ Medieval Universe
o Heavens
As you moved in waves away from the earth, everything improved
Geocentric Theory
o Earth as the center of the universe
Nicolas Copernicus
o Heliocentric Theory
Sun as the center of the universe
Ellipse
o Moving in an oval
Galilei Galileo
o Telescope
Does’t iet ut akes good use of it
Devout Catholic
Looks for proof of hierarchical universe
“ees oo first & it’s ugl
o Says earth is better
o Inconsistent
Hierarhial uierse does’t proe true
Pope is not happy with Galileo
Beause he is saig it is’t ier as ou get loser to God
Faith/God vs. Science/ Prof.
o Galileo says his intellect is a gift from God
Isaac Newton
o Universal Laws
Physics
The rules that he has created work absolutely everywhere
o Newtonian Physics
Intact order to the universe no matter what happens
o Universal Order
Means no active God
Deists/ Deism
o Believe that God created the universe
But is not taking part in their day to day lives
o God = the Clokaker
o “iee of Ma
try and figure out what is going on
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leads to era of enlightenment
The Enlightenment
o Philosophes
In Paris
Study every aspect of human existence
Create the encyclopedia
The Press
o All the written word
o Freedo
o Prison
Punish? What is punishment?
Reform? “hould’t e use priso to refor people?
Women? Should we allow women the right to vote?
Equality? If a woman does the same work as a man, should they get
paid the same amount?
Slavery?
Politics
o How to create a perfect government?
o Goal= Liberty
Every human should be granted a certain amount of liberty
o Fear= Tyranny
“oeod takig aa eerod’s liert
o Means= Government
Must protet the people’s liert
Costat igilae – constantly watching out for tyranny
The people must be informed
Thomas Hobbes
o 1588-1679
o Believes that humans are animalistic
Pessimist
o Humans= brutish
o Says the only way to secure liberty for people around the world is through an
asolute leader ot tied through God or any other religion
Makes sure each person can get as much liberty they possibly can get
o REVOLT
Throw leader out of power if necessary
If leader becomes a tyrant
John Locke
o 1632-1704
o optimist
o Humans= compassionate
o Humans= practical
o Government has to promise the protection with a contract
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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