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SOC 1305 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Erving Goffman, Symbolic Interactionism, Cultural Relativism

Course Code
SOC 1305
Study Guide

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ageism - discriminating against someone for their age
Agents of socialization - Persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to
know in order to participate in society 1. Family 2. School 3. Peers - interests, social
position, and age in common. 4. Mass media- impersonal communications aimed at a
vast audience.
Beliefs - Specific statements that people hold to be true
Characteristics Of Culture - Dynamic, Patterned, Learned, Shared, Transmitted
Charles Horton Cooley and the Looking Glass Self - Self-image based on how we think
others see us. Others represent a mirror. What we think of ourselves depends on what
we think others think.
Components of Culture - Symbols, Language, Values, Beliefs, Norms
Conflict Perspective - Values and norms help create and sustain the privileged position
of the powerful in society
Countercultures - groups that strongly reject dominant societal values and norms and
seeks alternative lifestyles
Cultural integration - the close relationships among various elements of a cultural
system- women getting jobs
cultural lag - Some elements of culture change faster than others- cellphone example
Cultural Relativism - the practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards
Cultural Shock - personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life.
Culture - the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are
passed from person to person in a human group
Dominant culture - a set of patterns favored by powerful segments of the population
ego - rational, reality-oriented component of personality that imposes restrictions on the
innate pleasure-seeking drives of the id
Erving Goffman - Dramaturgical Analysis- front and back stage
Ethnocentrism - the practice of judging another culture by the standards of one's own
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