ARTH1109 Study Guide - Final Guide: Doryphoros, Chiaroscuro, Henri Matisse

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31 Mar 2014
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INTRODUCTION
Lasaux Caves [France] “Hall of the Bulls” (15,000-10,000 BCE)
Pablo Picasso “Horse” (20 th
Century)
Same lines made by 2 completely different people in different times
Michelangelo “Creation of Adam” [Sistine Chapel](16 th
Century)
Rembrandt “Self Portrait” (17 th
Century)
God is instilling life into Adam even though they are not touching
oAdam’s hand is limp Ł lifeless until life is given to him
The artist is the tool of creativity [2-D Illusion of Form]
oLight and dark is used to draw attention to the creativity
oHead and hands=Light; Brain=Dark
oFrom the hands is where creativity comes from/ paint comes from
Leonardo da Vinci “The Last Supper” (15 th
Century)
-Proportion Focal Point = Jesus right in the middle
-1 Point Perspectivewe know where we are
-Use of Light and shade to show importance of Jesus
-Symmetrical figures in the foreground
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Damien Hirst “James” [12 Disciples] (20 th
Century)
Eugene Smith “Tomoko in the Bath” (20 th
Century)
In Japanaffect of industrial pollution in agricultural communities
Smith uses specifically light and dark to highlight the disturbing effects of
pollution
oUsing light to highlight important areas of the picture
oLight on mother’s face and over certain parts of Tomoko’s body
oDark in areas that are not important and to show contrast between light
and dark chiaroscuro
oIn order to get the message we have to take stepsform dark to light and
vice versa
Pablo Picasso “Geurnica” (20 th
Century)
Maya Lin “Vietnam Veterans Memorial” (20 th
Century)
Values are used here to describe the meaning of both artworks
oLight vs. Dark in Picassousing organic and geometric shapes that clash
with each other to show chaos. Uses light to intensify this. Political
message
oReflection with Linmakes people feel emotional b/c the peoples names
on the wall let us feel that they fought and died for our freedom.
Isamu Noguchi “Red Cube” (20 th
Century)
Eero Saarinen “Gateway Arch” St. Louis (20 th
Century)
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Noguchi: Bank values their appearanceshows power and innovation
oOptical impossibility makes it stand out proportion (don’t usually see a
red cube this big
oDynamic Form/Sculpture Full Round
oSemi-Open Formhole opens the cube up to its surroundings/environment
Saarinen: sculpture/form open form=allows space to move through it
oRelationship to Environmentshows innovation and expansion (St. Louis
is the gateway to the West)
oProportion out of the ordinary to see something like this
Bernini “St. Theresa in Ecstasy” (17 th
Century)
Was made to commemorate St. Theresa for her visions (depicting one of her
visions)
The Catholic Church came to believe that it was too sexual and sensualart in
religious atmosphere can be deniedart is experience on multiple levels
Vincent van Gogh “Starry Night” (19 th
Century)
Henri Rousseau “The Dream” (20 th
Century)
Van Gogh: idealism painting what he sees in his mind but what is not actually
happeningoutward manifestation of inward expressions
oCan see individual brush strokes gestural lines
oUse of dark and bright colors triad color scheme
Rousseau: idealism paintingimagination of Rousseau
oDefies rational understanding (from his dreams)
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Document Summary

Rembrandt self portrait (17 th century: god is instilling life into adam even though they are not touching, adam"s hand is limp lifeless until life is given to him, the artist is the tool of creativity [2 d illusion of form, light and dark is used to draw attention to the creativity, head and hands=light; brain=dark, from the hands is where creativity comes from/ paint comes from. In japan(cid:224)affect of industrial pollution in agricultural communities: smith uses specifically light and dark to highlight the disturbing effects of pollution, using light to highlight important areas of the picture, light on mother"s face and over certain parts of tomoko"s body, dark in areas that are not important and to show contrast between light and dark(cid:224) chiaroscuro, in order to get the message we have to take steps(cid:224)form dark to light and vice versa.

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