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Federalist papers study guide.doc

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ENGL 1010
Laura Sterrett

test 2 study guide II. The Federalist Papers (2/3-2/28) 1. What is Madison's definition of “faction”? A number of citizens, whether a majority or minority, united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community. 2. What are the methods of removing the causes or the effects of faction? Prevent the causes of faction: destroy liberty so that it would no longer be a democracy; give all citizens the same opinions, passions, and interests (not possible). Contain the effects of faction: if faction is minority it can’t pose a real threat, if a majority you have to a) prevent the interests from existing in a majority or b) render majority unable to carry into effect schemes of oppression based on those interests 3. Which of the methods of removing the causes or the effects of faction does Madison support, and why does he reject the rest? Rejects the concept of eliminating liberty because its no longer a democracy in that case and claims it is idealistic to homogenize their thoughts; supports rendering the majority unable to act directly on their ideas through representation 4. In what two ways does a Republic differ from a Democracy for Madison? The delegation of government and the scale-ability of government (functions well for both small and large groups of people--applicable to the exponentially growing US of the time) 5. What psychological reason does Hamilton give as to why the national leaders will not seek to infringe on the state leaders? There are two different kinds of ambition: one leads a person towards national government (where the concerns are more interesting) and the other leads a person to local government. Those that end up in national government are not concerned with local matters. 6. Why does Hamilton say that the danger will in fact be from state leaders infringing on the national government? The people tend to be more committed to their local leaders and therefore more loyal to them, which could pose a threat to national authority. Local leaders are also more concerned with their local communities and not as much the nation as a whole. 7. How does Hamilton believe his constitution will prevent a situation like that in “ancient feudal systems” where localized leaders were always contending for power with the national leaders? A balance of power between the national government and local powers through the people. 8. What is Madison's definition of a “Republic”? A government which derives all its powers directly or indirectly from the great body of the people, and is administered by persons holding their offices during pleasure for a limited period or during good behavior. i.e. A system of government that is dependent on indirect democracy in which the representatives derive their power from the people. 9. Why does Madison say that the government he wishes to constitute will be federal and not national, and why does such a distinction even matter? The government is both national and federal because authority resides in the majority of the people and the majority can overthrow the government at any time. This is important because it determines how direct the democracy is and how direct the government’s control is. 10. What is Madison's definition of “tyranny”? Tyranny is the accumulation of all powers into one hand, whether the hand of one, few, or many and whether it be hereditary or appointed. In other words, tyranny is un
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