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thien history final exam notes.docx

10 Pages

Course Code
HIST 1011
Owen Stanwood

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th April 10 – World War II Key Terms: Kristallnacht – Hossbach Memorandum – Anschluss – Sudetenland – Appeasement – A group of peace. Nazi-Soviet Pact – Blitzkrieg – The Battle of Britain – Pearl Harbor – Stalingrad – Midway – Notes: • The most brutal event in history. • The people of Germany influenced others that Poland was a possible German territory. • Reinforcement of German military so they would be at their top when they battle between 1943-1945. • By the time they reached top military, other nations would notice this and respond. • In this case, the best time for Germany to attack would be between 1943-1945. • To make this possible, Germany would undo certain agreements from the Versailles Treaty to allow this to happen. • Petroleum had become essential by the time WWII came around. • Germany had NO oil (fuel for war). • Soviet union had a lot of Petroleum • Lenin’s economic program was not industrially militarily progressive enough for Stalin. • Stalin would create a 5 year plan to increase industrialism. • Collectivization of Russian land would be a progression for this 5 year plan. • Because of this, almost 20million people will be starving. • Whatever Hitler’s evil intent against Jews and other, most German people were not aware of what Hitler was going to do. • 1932-the war, the Nazi govt. took many steps that was obvious of his plans. Examples would be determining if how Jewish a person is by their eye color. Influenced kids by making anti-Jew books. • Night Of Broken Glass – a Jewish day inn that was destroyed. 91 Jews were killed and 31,000 people were arrested. Many of their churches, hospital, etc. were destroyed. • 1938 – Hitler established a union that brought together all the German people of the world. • Czech Slovakia had a very strong defensive border. Czech was anti-German. • German offered to send troops to Czech to help them defend themselves. • Germany took over Sudetenland and because Czech did not have power, Germany took it over. • Hitler was negotiating secretly with Stalin. Germany and Soviet Union had arrived with a mutual defense pact. A communist and anti-communist nation came together. Stalin did this after seeing that his friends, Britain and France, not helping Czech. For this, he feared that the policy of Appeasement was a policy to direct Hitler to the Soviet Union. Secondly, Stalin had to stall for time. • 1939 – Hitler invaded Poland. 1.8million German troops invaded Poland. • Britain and France decided to wage war on Germany after the Poland defeat and this essentially started WWII. • Both sides were not ready for the war. Hitler thought that his enemies would back out. • Paris was occupied by Germany. A few days later, France surrendered. • Germany attacked the British. Buildings and homes were destroyed but they didn’t take down their morale. • Britain didn’t have aircrafts to go against Germany but they established radar to pinpoint when Germany’s aircraft came. • Stalin refused to leave Moscow, Russian Winter Weekend. -> German didn’t have anti- freeze equipment • Japanese attacked America’s Pearl Harbor which brought USA into WWII. April 12 – [ ] Key Terms: Rape of Nanking – Manhattan Project – Robert Oppenheimer – created the atomic bomb. Okinawa – Hiroshima – Nagasaki – Mao Zedong – Kim II-Sung – Inchon – MacArthur – Bay of Pigs – Sputnik – Yuri Gagarin – Notes: • Cold war is the world’s response to the World Wars. • Cold war – geopolitical dynamic of post-world war. • Comic books – one of nations cultural widespread in the 1950’s. • The winners of WWII (Soviet Union and China) were more affected in mortality than the losers (Germany and Japan). • Japan had economic problems in trading. Difficult for Japan to be involve in markets. • Japan had an energy resource deficiency. Coal was important but soon oil was essential for military use. J
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