Sugar Slavery and Tobacco Slavery.
More than ½ a million were brought from Africa to new world for slavery.
By 1776 – there were more slaves in the colonies because of the reproduction (growing exponentially
as families rather than linearly with importation)
Both systems produced profit and gave rise to investment capital used for the industrial revolution
Both enriched the planters.
Both increased colonial trade.
Tobacco – Virginia/Barbados:
Englishmen settled in Barbados to produce tobacco.
• Spring of 1630, George Asby (blacksmith, not a farmer) – had 5lbs (good $)
• Arrived in Barbados – bought 9 acres of land, cleared, and planted tobacco.
• Made a little money, left to his heirs, and 2 generation sons left tobacco plantation for sugar,
which is when they became profitable.
• Climate of VA better than Barbados for tobacco.
• For market reasons, Barbados farmers switched to sugar.
• Turned to Dutchmen/Portuguese (Madeira) as sugarproduction experts
Less Brutal, but whippings were still used for discipline:
• William Byrd II kept a secret (public) diary.
o In order to keep discipline, punishment had to be dealt out whimsically and
He would come back from a night of playing cards and randomly whip
o Also lusted after women slaves
Call women into big house, along with the woman’s lover.
1740 – made Eugene drink a liter of pee.
Virginia planter’s goal of autonomy.
• Already economically independent through tobacco, why not go for political independence.
o Therefore, slaves = family and planter = father.
o This mythology covered notion of political autonomy.
(I want to hold my family together from outside, govt forces).
(Sneaky way of wanting independence.)
• Some slaves needed to be taught how to run an autonomous plantation
o Needed slaves to build barrels, stonewalls, etc. o Didn’t want to bring in outsiders, so they risked it on the slaves.
Those skilled slaves were the greatest danger to flee and try to succeed
elsewhere (had a marketable skill)
Slaves would be rented in between planters.
o Slave patrols:
Capture = 20 sterling
Death = 40 sterling