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Democracy, Rights & Empire I [COMPLETE NOTES Part 9] -- got a 4.0 in the course

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1019
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
The Conspiracy 1720  ▯1776 The Economic Crisis In the American  colonies.  • Deeply indebt to buy English Goods • Couldn’t make goods themselves • Wealth that existed was inequitably distributed. • Goings­on in England was not only not the common good, but people  thought  (conspiracy) that the English was trying to enslave them and  strip them of their rights. Objectively ­  England was just trying to make England better, but  Americans did not have the vocabulary and objective retrospective lens to  understand England’s modernization.  Conspiratorially ­ They are trying to enslave us! Evidence: 1754­63 Great Britain and the colonies go to war against  the French. American Troops alienated during the war. • Colonials call it French and Indian War. • Europeans called it the 7 years war. • It has also been called the Great War For Empire. o English also waged war in the East with India against the  French o Global conflict for control of trade. • Initially, England wanted to send royal troops here. o That was dropped in favour of American troops to cut costs of  travel.  o “As loyal subjects, they will volunteer!”  o Americans were reluctant to join the British army, as it was  noted for its brutality. Term of service in the army was life. • To get them into the army, Americans were bribed (recruited) • Troops were American. Officers were English. o George Washington, after defeating the French and driving  them back from whence they came, was stripped of his title. o Americans were successful fighting with guerilla tactics.  During the war • Remember, colonial legislative bodies were much more representative  than those in England. So: o During the war, their grievances had an immediate political  reaction. Their complaints were being heard. After the war: Stamp Act • How come the people in England are not paying for the war? How  come we have to bear the burden for the war. • This later became no taxation without representation • 176
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