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Democracy, Rights & Empire I [COMPLETE NOTES Part 8] -- got a 4.0 in the course

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1019
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
American Revolution How did it come about? Why were the colonies successful in establishing a Republican form of govt, the first in  the world? Arguably, economic and political changes within Britain (Glorious Rev, industrialization,  etc.) coincided with economic and political changes within the changes, but they were not  harmonious, and thus revolution. Wealth of Nations • Slew the dragon of mercantilism. o Colonies were supposed to be slaves for offloading of goods and  production of goods for the motherland. What’s good for motherland is  good for colonies. This is not quite right. o  Navigation  Acts = manifestation of this common good between B and  colonies.  All of the goods going between B and Col must be carried in  English ships. Force Dutch out of trade.  Policy did benefit the colonies. COMMON GOOD IS A FACTOR,  HERE.  2/3 of English ships built in Col, because we had the materials. Turning point in 1713 – English Economic Crisis Parl. Tried to solve. • Need funds for war against spain. o Either: Increase taxes on Eng. Land.  OR o Increase trade with Colonies. 1757 – Turning point comes to a head ­  Samuel Johnson’s  Dictionary    redefines  word, “interest” • Old Definition: Having a part in something • New Definition: influence or advantage manifested by a private group. • This change in definition leads one member of Parl. To say that “interest” rules  the world. o Advantage, influence over others, etc. rules the world. o The talk of the common good is pushed aside in favor of state policy that  benefits individual investors, who have an interest in parliament. •  Policy Shi t! o Individual interest expands because Parliament Has power toincrease  expansion in colonies so that its members will personally benefit from that  expansion. o Common good shrugged away. Conflict between B and C  1733, 1764 Sugar Acts • About collecting a tax on sugar (foreign) imported into the colonies to advance  English interests. • For colonial merchants to profit, colonial merchant
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