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Final

COMPLETE Globalization II Notes: Part 8 - got a 4.0 on the final exam!

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1056
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
Globalization Discussion 02/04/2013 IRISH FAMINE Textbook reading: Author’s argument about the Irish Famine: there’s too many people, famine is a necessity…the natural check for population  increase and food shortages…this is a necessary thing to restore balance to European society Looking at the Documents: What actually causes the famine? He calls it a disease, what is the disease? It’s a plight that effects the potato plant The Irish rely exclusively on the potato for their calorie intake Chose the potato crop b/c their situation in Ireland forces them to grow this one crop, why? b/c Irish peasants at the time were  tenant farmers, often times their landlords were English 1820s­1840s growth of free trade, so wanting to grow cash crops b/c those are the crops they can export back to England, sell  and make profit off of them so the landlords devote more land to cash crops, peasants therefore have less land to grow their own crops SO they’re forced to rely exclusively on the potato via this system of free trade and landlords Return to the Documents: The symptoms of the diseases caused by the famine: fever, sores, intense vomit, intense diarrhea Their starvation makes them extra susceptible to these diseases, the diseases escalate the rapidly deteriorating conditions of the  country Most people who immigrated to North America ended up dying b/c the living conditions were so gross (on page 18) they talk about “clearances” ▯what do they mean by clearances? Evictions. Peasants no longer able to pay their  rent, landlords kick them out, evict them if can’t pay rent▯no peasants walking around Ireland on foot, what would they do if they  didn’t leave the houses? The landlords would set the roof on fire so this is all compounding the problem over and over again CAUSES OF THE FAMINE: Industrialization: in London, for example, requires the importation of food BONAPARTE’S ITALIAN CAMPAIGN’S: Talks about how Napoleon as a HERO Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow… Astronomical loss, broke the French army   SIMON BOLIVAR: He prefers lords over the Senate METTERNICH: Orchestrator of the period of peace that Europe goes through What is it that he institutes? He’s saying Napoleon planted the “revolutionary seed” that made the people want to change he notes the spread of education and people’s desire to be involved 
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