Study Guides (248,396)
United States (123,373)
Boston College (3,492)
History (1,004)
HIST 1082 (15)
All (14)

COMPLETE Modern History II Notes: Part 2 -- got 92% in the course!

4 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 1082
All Professors

Renaissance Intellectual Culture and Humanism – 10/1/12 • Intellectual movement that defined the renaissance = humanism o Centered on intense interest in ancient greek and roman world, especially literature  Study of the humanities • Practitioners of humanism were interested in ancient literature because they provided a set of moral values that would allow people to live more fulfilling lives • Origins of humanisms were in the middle ages o Many of the latin works of roman writers have survived  Because of Charlemagne, copied and corrected ancient texts • Called this the Carolingian renaissance th • Flourished again in 12 century as Italians expanded into Spain, Sicily, and Holy Land o Rediscovering ancient roman legal texts  Influenced church and church laws th • In 14 century, didn’t bring anything new to the humanism table o Had immense amount of influence on rest of Europe • 1427  80% of Florence males could read and write o By 1300 most of the city states of northern Italy had public school systems, so a significant amount of kids attended school  Taught basic reading skills in primary schools  Learned to read by sounding out basic latin texts  Practical schools  math skills  Another type of school for reading • In northern Europe, humanism = generally confined to ecclesiastical circles o Limited to men entering church orders  Had most interest in religious ancient roman texts • Classical texts in city states of Italy were available to many more people with broader influences o Wealthy popolo found documents written by leaders appealing to their political aspirations • Vast outburst of intellectual creativity o Francesco Petrarch  popularized humanism in Italy  First person to articulate the idea of the renaissance  Felt he was living in a new age that would see revival of Roman culture and literature • Age of light that had been separated from roman past by medieval dark ages o 410 (sack of Rome) = beginning of dark ages  Son of Florentine notary (popolo) who had been exiled from Florice and moved to Avignon • Father hoped Petrarch would become lawyer  sent him to University of Bologna o Lived off of father’s inheritance after his death and learned latin and worked to reconstruct work of roman authors  Most roman works were manuscripts handwritten and found in libraries  Searched for and recovered missing works, such as works of Roman historian Livy • 142 volume history of the city of Rome from beginning of city to 9 AD  Found Cicero’s letters to his friend in Verona • Cicero lived in 1 century BC was lawyer, aerator, statesman, and philosopher o Considered to be romes greatest aerator and writer • Cicero’s letter to friend gave more personal view of Cicero to Petrarch o Found them both moving and disturbing  Responded to these letters by writing his own letters describing his reactions • Began to articulate an ethical stance of people in his own time  Petrarch saw himself and fellow humanists as bearing this job • Eloquence was connected to virtue o Virtue = virtuous person is someone who act well towards others and well towards god  People could only acquire eloquence through study of roman texts • Eloquence was a way to acquire virtue
More Less

Related notes for HIST 1082

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.