China’s Cultural Revolution:
Chairmen Mao the perfect combination of Marxist and Leninist thought.
October 1 1949: end of Chinese civil war. Mao announced the People’s Republic of China. Mao
speaks of the century of humiliation: foreign imperialists, warlords, nationalists, etc.
Official end of extra-territorialism: Chinese stand up and proclaim this is our country - sovereign.
There are border disputes.
Power Struggles in Party Leadership > Public denunciations, beatings, deaths < old animosities
between people and class conflict (< are arrows).A.K.A. anarchy and violence the result of the
Long March Survivors: Historic event. Led to the rise of Mao. Starts the rise of a cultural
revolution based around Communism: Mao creates the rise of “Mao Zedong Thought”: from his
essays, speeches, etc. First purges (not violent) also begin, instill the practice as normal.
At the beginning of Cultural Revolution: land reform, increased agricultural production, spike in
birthrate, lots of propaganda, and a feeling of optimism (Red China Blues).
Hundred Flowers Campaign: “Let a hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought
contend”: many people stepped forward with criticism, started the GovernmentAnti-Rightist
Campaign which targeted about 300,000 intellectuals. These individuals were targeted and sent
to countryside for “reform through labor” – called laogai. Started Laogai camps: taught how to
TheAnti-rightist movement would continue from 1957 – 1960. Used public