Baker v. Carr (1962)
• Reapportionment case: who decided redistricting that changing the way voting districts
• Defense: not the duty of the Court to reapportion the voting districts, should be a
• 1946 Colgrove v. Green: Guarantee clause (article 4 section 4) allowed the Courts to
decide reapportionment. Court denied themselves this power.
• 1849 Luther v. Borden: Court said they could not decide who had power in civil war in
Rhode Island: that is a political question.
• Court decided in Baker v. Carr that the denial of the equal protection clause gives them
the power to rule in reapportionment cases.
Reynolds v. Sims (1964)
• Alabama has unit rule of voting: regardless of a population of the county, whoever had a
majority in that county was given 1 vote. That meant that the rural counties could
dominate without having a population majority.
• The Court had to acknowledge that it was a political activity but they tried to get involved
in making it equal. They found however it was very difficult to do and hold it
• Transformed State government throughout the united sta