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Popular Music Study Guide.docx

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Department
Music Academic
Course Code
MUSA1300
Professor
Donald James

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Popular Music Exam 1
“Jeanie With the Light Brown Hair” – Stephen Foster, Composer: (1854)
-Stephen Foster is one of the first popular song-writers in the United States.
-first composer of American pop music
-white composer from Pittsburgh
-first person who made a living off songwriting
-composed short and simple songs that can sell
-related to a lighter form of lieder
-his songs had an irish sentimental and Ethiopian style
-well versed in art, opera, romantic lieder, and folk tradition
-very racialize but versatile
- sentimental song
- form is an AABA
-depicts a woman through the ages as a concept of beauty
-beginning of a popular song selling a lot of records
-foster wrote songs and gave it to a producer who performed it and that’s how he sold his
music
-we listened to this song because it is an example of the shift to sentimental songs and a
switch in short and simple songs
-this is an example of the Minstrel Show music in that Foster was just a composer
-they used his songs in the Minstrel Show and made it a popular song
-beginnings of making songs popular
-minstrel show was the first form of musical and theatrical entertainment to be regarded
by European audiences as distinctively American in character, featured mainly white
performers who artificially blackened their skin and carried out parodies of African
American music, dance, dress and dialect
-it is regarded as embarrassing
-it symbolized the diverse and ambiguous meaning that this form of pop culture had for
different audiences
-said to have emerged from the working-class neighborhood of NY’s Seventh War and
commercial urban zones where interracial interaction occurred
-AABA melodic structure
-basic structure, mixture with repetition and variation turns into the structure of the most
important popular song forms of the early 20th century
“Castle House Rag”- James Reese, Europe’s Society Orchesra: (1914)
-syncopated dance music
-precursor to Jazz music
-example of urban centers where upper class people were willing to participate in exotic
dance forms like the “turkey trot”
-ragtime era becomes associated with dance
-development of dance orchestra=instrumentation of brass bands
-combine Ragtime and brass instruments = syncopated dance music
-castle house is a dance studio of 1910’s in NYC and specialized in teaching new dance
fads
-James Reese is the most respected person for popularizing syncopated dance music
-his band sold syncopated dance music
-main party music in early 20th century
-78 revolutions per minute (rpm)
-beginning of short songs
-3 minutes of music
-1st composer and conductor to play in Europe
-acoustic limitations but hear in multi-strain form and primes the public for jazz
-beginning of jazz music
-there was also a growing market for ragtime songs at the turn of the century which
suggests a continuous fascination amongst whites with African American music first
evinced in minstrelsy
-Tin Pan Alley composers added syncopated rhythms and black dialects to spice up
otherwise bland pop tunes
-it basically was just to catch their attention
-racial imagery was visually portrayed on the covers of sheet music
-became intertwined with social class and generational identity.
-some whites appear to have associated with ragtime as a means of rebelling against the
cultural conservatism of their parents and other authority figures
“Tiger Rag”- Original Dixieland Jazz Band: (1917)
-jazz music comes from New Orleans
-rooted in black culture more specifically congo square
-rigid hierarchical way of mixing races in late 1800s
-europeans mostly French and spaniard
-when the los angeles slaves had days off, they would go to the congo square
-spoke creole and cajun
-slaves and Europeans came together to play in Congo Square=place where jazz became
popular
-jazz=lower class
-jazz music has to swing, youll know what it is when you hear it-Armstrong
-rhythms were heavily influenced by west African culture
- funeral march had 3 main instruments=clarinet, trombone, cornet/trumpet
-collective improvisation
-bass/ drums rely on tune and make the rhythm
cornet/trumpet =tune
-trombone=base melody
-clarinet=counter melody
-first white new Orleans jazz band to record because of white privilege and goes to ny to
perform
-ny was ready for jazz because of the syncopated dance music in jazz
-classic new Orleans sound
-syncopated and upbeat tempo
-fluid sounding/free/easy to dance to
-swing= defines aesthetic foundation of jazz

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Description
Popular Music Exam 1 “Jeanie With the Light Brown Hair” – Stephen Foster, Composer: (1854) -Stephen Foster is one of the first popular song-writers in the United States. -first composer of American pop music -white composer from Pittsburgh -first person who made a living off songwriting -composed short and simple songs that can sell -related to a lighter form of lieder -his songs had an irish sentimental and Ethiopian style -well versed in art, opera, romantic lieder, and folk tradition -very racialize but versatile - sentimental song - form is anAABA -depicts a woman through the ages as a concept of beauty -beginning of a popular song selling a lot of records -foster wrote songs and gave it to a producer who performed it and that’s how he sold his music -we listened to this song because it is an example of the shift to sentimental songs and a switch in short and simple songs -this is an example of the Minstrel Show music in that Foster was just a composer -they used his songs in the Minstrel Show and made it a popular song -beginnings of making songs popular -minstrel show was the first form of musical and theatrical entertainment to be regarded by European audiences as distinctively American in character, featured mainly white performers who artificially blackened their skin and carried out parodies of African American music, dance, dress and dialect -it is regarded as embarrassing -it symbolized the diverse and ambiguous meaning that this form of pop culture had for different audiences -said to have emerged from the working-class neighborhood of NY’s Seventh War and commercial urban zones where interracial interaction occurred -AABA melodic structure -basic structure, mixture with repetition and variation turns into the structure of the most important popular song forms of the early 20 century “Castle House Rag”- James Reese, Europe’s Society Orchesra: (1914) -syncopated dance music -precursor to Jazz music -example of urban centers where upper class people were willing to participate in exotic dance forms like the “turkey trot” -ragtime era becomes associated with dance -development of dance orchestra=instrumentation of brass bands -combine Ragtime and brass instruments = syncopated dance music -castle house is a dance studio of 1910’s in NYC and specialized in teaching new dance fads -James Reese is the most respected person for popularizing syncopated dance music -his band sold syncopated dance music -main party music in early 20 century -78 revolutions per minute (rpm) -beginning of short songs -3 minutes of music -1 composer and conductor to play in Europe -acoustic limitations but hear in multi-strain form and primes the public for jazz -beginning of jazz music -there was also a growing market for ragtime songs at the turn of the century which suggests a continuous fascination amongst whites with African American music first evinced in minstrelsy -Tin Pan Alley composers added syncopated rhythms and black dialects to spice up otherwise bland pop tunes -it basically was just to catch their attention -racial imagery was visually portrayed on the covers of sheet music -became intertwined with social class and generational identity. -some whites appear to have associated with ragtime as a means of rebelling against the cultural conservatism of their parents and other authority figures “Tiger Rag”- Original Dixieland Jazz Band: (1917) -jazz music comes from New Orleans -rooted in black culture more specifically congo square -rigid hierarchical way of mixing races in late 1800s -europeans mostly French and spaniard -when the los angeles slaves had days off, they would go to the congo square -spoke creole and cajun -slaves and Europeans came together to play in Congo Square=place where jazz became popular -jazz=lower class -jazz music has to swing, youll know what it is when you hear it-Armstrong -rhythms were heavily influenced by westAfrican culture - funeral march had 3 main instruments=clarinet, trombone, cornet/trumpet -collective improvisation -bass/ drums rely on tune and make the rhythm cornet/trumpet =tune -trombone=base melody -clarinet=counter melody -first white new Orleans jazz band to record because of white privilege and goes to ny to perform -ny was ready for jazz because of the syncopated dance music in jazz -classic new Orleans sound -syncopated and upbeat tempo -fluid sounding/free/easy to dance to -swing= defines aesthetic foundation of jazz -expanded due to the great migration where many blacks migrated from the south -led to big band era -although jazz developed in new Orleans, the first recordings were in NY and Chicago because there were no recording studios in the south at the time -leader of this group was the cornet player Nick LaRocca who started playing hot music when he was a teenager -in this beat, the cornet player often plays a syncopated pattern which places the rhythmic accents of his part between the regular pulses played by the rhythm section -the tension between the regular pulses and the syncopated patterns act to intensify the forward propulsion of the dance rhythm “Wrappin’It Up” – Fletcher Henderson Orchestra: (1934) -part of the Big Band era -rhythm section= bass, piano, drums -trumpets turned into 3-5 each -trombones 2-4 -saxophones =3-5 -during the great depression 1929-1941 - becomes popular around 1933 which is around the recovering age of the depression -jazz’s popularity accompanies the repeal of prohibition -swing bands are more present -caters to his artists -part of a territory band in which they would only tour their area -rely heavily on booking agencies -made it easy to tour plan -keep very big cut of revenue though Theater Only BookingAgency -works primarily for black territory groups -henderson’s orchestra was placed primarily in NY -sold his arrangements to other big bands -obtained a bit of stability due to the frequent visits to the same clubs -in ny they had tanned clubs which was a mixture of whites, tanned, and blacks -the issue came about through white audiences because they used to use a floor show which mocked black culture -band that inspired the rise of swing -had a total of 13 musicians which was considered a lot -expansion of a dance band was correlated with the development of an ensemble sound that was smoother, fuller sounding, and simpler than the polyphonic collectively improvised style of new Orleans jazz “Taking a Chance on Love”- Benny Goodman Orchestra: (1940) -benny goodman is an instrumentalists using the clarinet -bought a lot of arrangements from Henderson -has a national popularity due to his immediate support from john Hammond who worked at Columbia records -cbs broadcasted music on radio station before it became a channel -first prominent band to be int
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