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PS 111 Complete Notes for Exam 1 (got 90%)

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1111
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
LectureNotes11052013IntelligenceTherearedifferenttypesofintelligencesomepeoplemaybemoreintelligentwithnumberslanguageetcGardnersMultipleIntelligenceMITheoryCorrelationbetweendifferentsubjectsacrosssubtestsgeneralintelligencegLearningstylesdifferentpeoplelearnbetterindifferentwaysvisualinteractiveetcLearningstylesapproachhasbecomefairlyimportantineducationAnysortoftestingmusthavebothreliabilityandvalidityowhetherthetestmeasureswhatitclaimstomeasureValidityowhetherthetestaccuratelymeasuresthequalitybeingmeasuredeachandeveryReliabilitytimetriedandtruemethodoftestingSATsbasicallyjustIQteststhatarestandardizedtoaspecificpopulationdebateoverwhetherornottheyactuallymeasureaptitudeintelligencecontroversial3points1UnderstandIQbasedonitsculturalcontext2DemystifytheconceptofIQIQasapredictorasopposedtoanindicatorofintelligenceAdulthood11052013PsychologistsbelievethatourdevelopmentcontinuesacrossthelifespaninsteadofsimplyendingafteradolescenceThreestagesofadulthoodearlytwentiesandthirtiesmiddletoage65andlateafterage65peoplevarywidelyinphysicalpsychologicalandsocialdevelopmentwithinthesestagesPhysicalDevelopmentPeoplestartdecliningphysicallyaroundmidtwentieslessmuscularstrengthreactiontimesensorykeennesscardiacoutputThatbeingsaidphysicalvigoroftenhaslesstodowithagethanwithfitnesslevelMiddleadulthooddeclineinfertilityforbothmenandwomenincludingmenopauseforwomenSexualactivitydeclinesgreatlyforthoseinlateadulthoodbutisstillpossiblesomepeoplecontinuetohavesexualactivitythroughlateadulthoodIncreasinglifeexpectancyanddecreasingbirthrateshaveledtoalargerpopulationsectionofolderadultsincreasingdemandforhearingaidsretirementvillagesandnursinghomesWomenhavealongerlifespanthanmenmaleinfantsdeathratesalsoexceedthoseoffemalesTipsofchromosomescalledtelomeresweardownasaresultagingcellsmaydiewithoutbeingreplacedexacerbatedbystressobesitysmokingLowstressandgoodhealthhabitshelpenablelongevityaswellasagoodspiritDeathdeferralphenomenonmoreAmericansdiethefewdaysafterChristmasthanbeforeoronChristmasSensoryabilitiesalsodiminishwithagevisionhearingetcOlderretinasneedmorelightthandoyoungretinasinordertoseeImmunesystemweakenswithagebutabuildupofantibodiesoverthelifespancausesolderpeopletoexperiencelessillnessessuchascoldandfluAgeslowsneuralprocessingmakingplayingvideogamesanddrivingmoredifficultBrainregionsimportanttomemorybegintoatrophyduringagingbraincellsdiebytheageof80brainweightdiminishesby5PhysicalexercisehelpskeepthebrainsharpandcombatsomeoftheeffectsofagingStrokesbraintumorsoralcoholabusecancontributetodementialargerriskatanolderageAlzheimersprogressionlossofmemorylossofreasoningemotionalflatnessdisorienteddisinhibitedincontinencementalvacancyAdulthood11052013AlzheimersiscausedbyalossofbraincellsadeteriorationofneuronsthatproduceacetylcholinevitaltomemorythinkingDiminishingsenseofsmellmaybeaprecursortoAlzheimersCognitiveDevelopmentTeensandyoungadultsusuallysurpasschildrenandolderadultswhenitcomestomemorywithexceptionsOlderadultscanrecognizenewinformationeasilybutteensandyoungadultsarebetteratrecallingitlateronCrosssectionalstudiescomparepeopleofdifferentageslongitudinalstudiesrestudypeopleovertimebothhaveidentifiedmentalabilitiesthatdoanddonotchangeaspeopleageTerminaldeclinethecognitivedeclinethattypicallyoccurswhenapersoniswithintheirlast3or4yearsoflifeSocialDevelopmentTheideaofamidlifecrisisisactuallyamythdistressdoesnotactuallypeakinearly40sLifecrisesarenotusuallytriggeredbyagebutbylifeeventsillnessdivorcejoblossSandwichgenerationmiddleagedadultswhoaretryingtocareforagingparentsaswellasemergingadultchildrenThesocialclockdefinitionoftherighttimetoleavehomegetajobmarryhavechildrenandretirediffersfromeratoeraandculturetoculturePeopleespeciallywomenaregenerallyfreerfromthesocialclockthantheyoncewereChanceeventscanchangeourlivesTwoaspectsoflifethatdominateadulthoodintimacyformingcloserelationshipsandgenerativitybeingproductiveandsupportingfuturegenerationsthehealthyadultcanandloveworkAdultbondsoflovearemostsatisfyingandenduringwhenmarkedbysimilarityofinterestsvaluessharingofemotionalandmaterialsupportandintimateselfdisclosureMarriedcouplesmoreoftenendurethandononmarriedcouplesbuttheUSdivorcerateisalmost50Riskfordivorcemaritaldysfunctionishigherforcoupleswhocohabitedpriortoengagementmarriage9in10adultsstillmarrymarriageisapredictorofhappinesssexualsatisfactionincomephysicalmentalhealth
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