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Study Guide

PSYC 2274- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 43 pages long!)

43 pages32 viewsSpring 2018

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC2274
Professor
Sean Mac Evoy
Study Guide
Midterm

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BC
PSYC 2274
Midterm EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Day 1
PSYC2274 - Sensation and Perception
T/Th 12-1:15
GRADING:
3 non-cumulative exams (70% of final)
3rd exam is NOT a final, just during finals.
Paper summaries (26% of final)
2 → read an original paper and write about it.
Further instructions on Canvas.
Class participation counts!
Like extra credit…
ASSIGNMENTS:
Look on Canvas for more accurate due dates.
LECTURE SLIDES:
Posted to Canvas AFTER lectures.
EXTRA INFORMATION:
Class has a substantial neuroscience emphasis!
Prior knowledge is not assumed…
Class attendance is not taken.
But is still necessary!
Exams will be more on class material vs. textbook.
Take notes in class AND read book.
Transcribe notes frequently for comprehension.
Make note of questions and go to office hours!
Most students earn a B/B+
Exams are hard!
Average is very low → scaled to an 85 at the end of the semester.
Raw grades do not matter as much as standing average in the class!
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Day 1
INTRODUCTION
How Senses Work
“Sensation” vs. “perception”
S: what is going on at the peripheral nerve ending level.
Biological → process by which external input from environment affects your
nerves → essentially a series of impulses.
P: what you do with that information from nerve endings.
Cognitive → you basically reconstruct your environment based on impulse
information → a CNS responsibility.
Open to many influences (memory, emotion, etc.)
So…how the NS “reconstructs” the environment is perception.
But…is this necessary for behavior? Why?
PERCEPTION:
Active, NOT passive process.
Think of illusions.
What “action” is is your brain doing?
Making links between certain things.
Background color effects shade of grey box.
Make associations between different objects.
Best evidence: bistable figures.
duck/rabbit drawing → flips back and forth.
gold/white or blue/black dress.
What do illusions reveal?
Relies on combo of outside sensory input and inside assumptions.
Illusions occur when assumptions are wrong.
BUT we make assumptions all the time.
So…why assumptions? Why active vs. passive?
“Gaps” in information.
Stuff is in the way.
Sometimes literally…tiger behind trees, but can assume all moving
parts belong to tiger → draw connections → can’t see whole tiger at
once…
Vision = indirect sense of the world.
Sight and hearing = the least direct senses.
But…the most useful.
Most people would say they would part with these last…
Touch, taste, and smell are more direct.
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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