Study Guides (238,345)
United States (119,754)
Boston College (3,464)
Theology (20)
THEO 1016 (2)
All (1)

Theology Complete Course Notes

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Boston College
THEO 1016

ShortAnswers: 1) New Testament world • Hellenization: the historical spread of ancient Greek culture and, to a lesser extent, language, over foreign peoples conquered by Greece or brought into its sphere of influence o To understand the New Testament knowing this…  The new testament is written in Greek, so that means it is heavily influenced by Greek culture  Also the historical context of this shows us that the Jews had returned from exile which brings a new social/political context to the New Testament. • Roman occupation is important in 1 century Judaism because… o Jesus dies as a convergence of romans and locals o The Jews return from exile during roman rule (63 BCE-70CE) • Characteristics of… o Sadducees: PriestlyAristocracy is wealthy, powerful and willing to negotiate with the ruling power in order to uphold their status. Synonymous with the temple, strict adherence to law (theologically conservative), saw themselves as part ofAaron’s lineage  Attitude toward roman occupation: o Pharisees:Adhere to law but add things to progress (liberals), concerned with purity and see those who are impure as outsiders  Attitude toward roman occupation: o Essenes: escapists, withdrawl to desert to live purely and wait for God to act  Attitude toward roman occupation: o Zealots: armed rebellion, confrontational, strong feelings toward spreading the word of Jesus  Attitude toward roman occupation: • How Jesus’“counter agenda” with regards to Roman occupation differed from these groups o His counter agenda was to change the system but not in the way that essenes acted, because he put himself in danger for Israel, but he also did not act like the zealots because that’s too aggressive.Acted between these two. o He did not act at all in light of the Sadducees, this group abided by the existing law strictly, and Jesus aimed to demolish all existing law and create new law altogether. o Jesus was most like the Pharisees in that he wanted to change the law in some way but he wanted to do so in a much more radical way than the Pharisees would have considered. 2) NT Wright’s The Challenge of Jesus • 4 reasons for studying Jesus historically 1. We are made for God 2. Loyalty to scripture 3. Christian imperative to truth 4. Christian commitment to mission • 2 points needed to understand Jesus’ministry/mission 1. God’s purpose from the beginning was to address and deal with problems in his creation through Israel 2. This vocation would be accomplished by israel’s reaching a great moment of climax where she will be saved by God • People should “Repent and believe” o According to 1 Century Galilee this meant give up one’s agenda and trust him for his way of being Israel, his way of bringing the kingdom, his kingdom agenda • Counter Revolutionary agenda: Follow him in a new way of living. Find a way of being Israel other than the normal revolutionary way o Sermon on the Mount: this is the challenge and warning of his agenda (especially a warning of a new temple)  Antitheses of and how they indicate Jesus’authority • Significance of … o the Parables of the Lost to Jesus’mission  b o The parable of the Good Samaritan  b • Aspects of Jesus’Mission: o “Politics of Food”  Parable: o “Turning the Other Cheek”: you get hit and instead of turning away in pain, you offer the other cheek o “Going the second Mile”: Jews were forced to walk a mile with a soldiers bag if asked, and instead of finishing at one mile, one should go another mile on top of that, even though it was not required. • Jesus’attitude toward … o the Sabbath  Breaks the Sabbath, acted with soverign freedom towards it, Is lord of it o Temple  Eschatological attitude toward it: the time had come for God to judge the entire instution • Link between Jesus’impending death and God’s judgement of Israel o Jesus symbolized a New temple, but in order for the new Temple to be created the old temple had to be destroyed. So, God had to judge and destroy the old Temple (aka Jesus) in order for the new temple (also Jesus) to come about. • Why was Jesus killed? o People saw him as a false prophet and messiah, leading Israel astray o Romans executed him, Jewish authorites handed him over • Did Jesus know he was God? o He doesn’t know it objectively but he “knows” he is God by a feeling. o This knowledge is characterized by vocation—a calling or summoning, lived out over time, an intellectual quality (noetic quality) 3) Christology Yesterday and Today • Major moments of Christological processes in first 100 years o Christological process: ongoing question of who Jesus was and what his mission was 1. Jesus’own ministry 2. Disciples experience of Jesus as risen lord 3. Oral traditions 4. Paul’s Letters (40AD-70AD) 5. Temple destroyed (70AD) 6. The gospel of Mark (70AD) 7. The Gospel of Matthew and Luke (80-90AD 8. Gospel of John • Synoptic Gospels o Matthew and Luke o written 80-90AD o they have literary dependence on Mark because they refer to the Gospel of Mark, which is also how we can tell they were written after Mark o Q hypothesis: there must be another source, which we call Q, because there are words that appear in both Gospels which are identical. • Councils o Nicea (325)  Jesus is one in being with the father • He is a human person united with God • The word of God is Jesus  Jesus’humanity is not God by proxy, God’s self is communicated among human persons by human nature o Chalcedon (451)  Jesus is fully divine and fully human in one person o Human and Divine  Non competitive  Equality between them found in • Knowing—we have an infinite thirst for truth • Loving—interpersonal love furthers our capacity for love • Hoping-- against hope, hope for a better future • Finite beings have infinite desire for truth, and infinite capacity for love and hope  Directly proportional because…
More Less

Related notes for THEO 1016

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.